‘Infertility in women’ refers to the condition in which a woman is not able to conceive or contribute in the conception of a child due to some health issues. In some cases of infertility, a woman may conceive, but might not be able to carry a child until its birth.
Causes of Infertility
There are numerous causes of infertility in women, all of which have been studied thoroughly by the experts and researchers. Heredity is one of the very common possibilities. Some of the typical causes of infertility in women are consumption of drugs and alcohol, smoking, age, diet, and sexually transmitted diseases.
The most common cause of infertility in women is some kind of a disorder in the ovulation process. Ovulation is a very complex process, which most of us fail to understand. It not only refers to the generation of a ‘female egg cell’, but also includes the ‘preparation for fertilization’ in the reproductive system of women. An irregularity in the menstrual cycle is a common indication of an existing problem in the ovulation.
Some other causes of infertility in women linked with ovulation are increased amount of prolactin, tubal scarring, cysts in the ovaries, weight loss, excessive exercise, disorders in the adrenal gland and thyroid gland, obesity and psychological stress or strain.
Solutions to ‘infertility in women’
Infertility is quite a serious disorder and needs to be treated at some point or the other. There are several methods of treating this condition. However, which one you should opt for depends on the cause of its occurrence and the level of severity of the condition. The three main and most effective kinds of infertility treatments and solutions have been detailed below:
Medicinal Treatments – The intake of certain medicines has proved to solve the cases of infertility. ‘Clomifene’ is a medicine used to persuade ovulation in those women who don’t ovulate at all or even regularly. ‘Metformin’ is used when clomifene does not react on the body. This is usually prescribed to women who are afflicted by the condition of PCOS (Polycystic ovary syndrome). ‘Gonadotrophins’ is that ingredient of a medicine which helps in stimulating ovulation. These medicines must be taken only when prescribed by the doctor.
Surgical Processes – Doctors opt for the surgical processes when some part/s in the ovulation process needs to be repaired or improved. The usual surgical processes that are undergone in the cases of infertility are; ‘Fallopian tube Surgery’ – done to remove the blockages or scarring in the in the fallopian tube, and ‘Laparoscopic surgery’ – done to take samples of the internal organs and perform operations or tests on them.
Assisted conception – Intrauterine insemination (IUI) – The procedure in which sperms are placed in the womb using a plastic tube, In vitro fertilization (IVF) – medication taken to persuade the ovaries to produce additional eggs, egg donation and Blastocyst transfer are the most effective and most commonly adopted methods of assisted conception in the condition of infertility in women.
To Your Health!