Genocide, 1971 mass killingof Bangladesh people by Pakistan army and their collaborators during the war of liberation in 1971. They killed 10 million of people of former East Pakistan (Bangladesh) and raped three hundred thousand of east Pakistani women within 9 month.
Genocide started with the army crackdown at midnight of 25 March 1971. The army cordoned Peelkhana, the headquarters of the East Pakistan Rifles (EPR), Rajarbagh police barracks, and the Ansar headquarters at Khilgaon. More than 800 EPR men were first disarmed and arrested, and many of them were brutally killed. A few hundred of them, however, managed to escape and later joined the liberation forces.
Soon the Pakistan army spread out into the remotest parts of the country. In retaliation the Bangali nationalists began to organise resistance with effect from 26 March following the declaration of independence of Bangladesh. This further intensified the military action of Pakistan government. In effect, the Pakistan army started an undeclared war against the unarmed civilians of Bangladesh. The Pakistan armed forces used warplanes and gunships to contain the nationalist forces. Men, women and children of hundreds of villages, cities, and towns were killed and maimed indiscriminately. Arsoning, raping and looting knew no limit. Out of fear and intimidation millions of Bangalis left their home and took shelter in various refugee camps set up by the Government of India along the border areas.
Initially, the world could hardly know the extent of genocide due to very strong press censorship. However, from July 1971 foreign electronic and print media started reporting various aspects and ramifications of the genocide. The United Nations also expressed their deep concern about the holocaust.
In containing the freedom fighters the Pakistan government had raised paramilitary forces with the designations of RAZAKAR, Al-BADAR and Al-SHAMS.These forces joined the army in killing and terrorising the people. Many people, including intellectuals of the country were lifted by them for interrogation and only a few of them returned home. All these savageries were resorted to for exterminating the MUKTI BAHINI and their supporters. No international action was taken against the perpetrators of this most barbarous genocide according to UNO convention on genocide and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The genocide continued till the surrender of the Pakistan army on 16 December 1971.