What season do roses grow and require certain kinds of maintenance and care is of great importance to the enjoyment and satisfaction you will have from your rose gardening hobby.
Springtime is the most important period of time for what season do roses grow questions to demand your attention. Spring is the season that new growth emerges from the dormant buds with buds near the top of the stems growing first.
You need to be in constant alert for suckers which should be removed quickly to prevent them from sapping too much energy from the main plant. If they are not promptly removed, they will appear to be more vigorous than your main rose plant and will take over and dominate the original plant.
Spring pruning should be done to develop and maintain well shaped plants and to prevent rose plants from becoming leggy or top heavy. The most pruning should be done on the thin bendy stems which are unlikely to produce the beautiful anticipated flowers. Leave the stronger healthy branches, but do prune away dead or diseased wood.
During midsummer, most roses are still in heavy bloom, but many of the most beautiful blooms will have passed for this season. Unless they set hips, all varieties of roses should be dead-headed which will encourage more blooms. Dead-heading is the term used to describe the removing of old blooms, and is usually done by selecting a leaf joint under the wilted flowerhead that is facing outward, and cutting away the stem above this joint. The new bud which is hidden under the leaf stalk will flourish and produce a new flower.
Apply your second serving of rose food which will continue to support natural growth into the autumn. You will want to continue watering, as well as pest and disease control. Continue to watch for and remove recently developed suckers and any diseased leaves.
By late summer growth has slowed down considerably, so what season do roses grow concerns will require less maintenance, and you will only need to do light precautionary control and remove diseased leaves. Continue watering and training the climbers and rambler varieties.
In early autumn some may be still blooming, but you will notice the ceasing of massive amounts of new blooms. Keep up pest and disease control and minimum watering. Rose hips have now been fully formed and some rose varieties will begin to show their magnificent autumn colors.
By mid autumn your rose plants are almost ready for their dormant period. Cut down on watering but continue controlling disease. Rake the fallen leaves up, and destroy them because they may contain disease spores. After the flowering has completed in the autumn, tidy up the rose bushes by trimming them back a little. Make sure to remove any long sections of stems above where the buds were, because there will not be any new growth in that area, and will eventually die back to the next node below, and is vulnerable to becoming diseased. This pruning will also help to keep your rose plants from being damaged by strong winter winds.
Once they are fully dormant, your responsibilities will include taking hardwood cuttings, moving and transplanting mature roses which can be done at any point before early spring when their growth cycle begins again. You also may want to apply winter washes to help prevent disease spores and blackspot over the wintering period. Take steps to protect tender varieties from the winter frost.