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What Is an Auto Salvage Yard?

How do they operate? What can they offer the general public? These are just a couple of the main question people have in relation to auto salvage yards. Here in this article we will explore a bit about them.

Auto salvage yards are known by many names such as, scrap yard, junkyard, wrecking yard, wreck yard, auto recycling centre, breakers yard , to name a few of the most common names.

They operate in a fairly simple manner. When a vehicle is wrecked (light damage or beyond repair) or decommissioned from being a usable vehicle. The Junk Yard will purchase said vehicle and break the vehicle into its main component parts that are still operable. These parts are then sold on as used auto parts to the public, garages and body shops. Mostly these parts are used in repairs of other road going vehicles. The idea behind this is that the used auto parts are at a much lower cost than new parts. From the Auto Junk Yards point of view, a vehicles sum of it components are more valuable than the overall wrecked or decommissioned vehicle as a whole.

The most common and requested parts are often removed from the vehicle and stored in the salvage yards warehouse. Other more unusual parts are often left on the vehicles and removed upon request. Once a vehicle has been deemed to not have any further usable parts, the remainder is sold as scrap metal mainly to metal recycling centres. This ensures every possible part is used and all other parts are recycled. While Wrecking yards are often seen as dirty operations the overall effect is very green ensuring the most is made from waster and the remainder is sent for re-cycling.

A lot of people prefer use such an environmentally friendly system, as using used vehicle parts which are already manufactured and work to the original manufacturer’s specifications, will reduces pollution and expense.

Most Auto Wrecking Yards work on a local basis providing their goods into the local community, but some of the larger Wrecking yards will provide shipping across all the states, this is especially useful for rarer vehicle models or classic autos, where parts new or used are very hard to come by.

There are some great advantages to using used auto parts, the main one being they save you money on repairs. Give your local yard a call today.

Jeep’s Target Market Covers Everyone

Jeep has established itself in the field of off-road vehicle performance. But now it is seeking to appeal to a larger market to cover the young enthusiasts. It is determined to capture the needs of both the young and the old using the charisma of all-new Wrangler.

However, in expanding the target market of the automaker, some Jeep purists are expressing their dissent. They think that the brand has gone too soft than expected. “Everybody is worried that Jeep will lose their name,” said Cefali, vice president of the Great Lakes Four Wheel Drive Association and also a Jeep consumer. “I would hate to see Jeep not being on the foreground of off-roading.”

The Jeep Wrangler, the successor to the World War II Jeep, is a mini sport utility vehicle that debuted in 1987. It was first updated in 1997. The next modification happened in 2007 and the latest is for this model year. All-new Jeep Wrangler is equipped with a number of firsts that include the powered windows and door locks. Through the 65-year history of the automaker, this is the very first time that it offers said features.

“It seems like they’re coming out with some things that are not really off-road capable,” added Cefali. Such a sentiment is the reason why it was crucial to talk to Jeep purists when the new Wrangler was merely a sketch, said Jeff Bell, vice president of Jeep, a division of DaimlerChrysler AG’s Chrysler Group. He added that with competition from newer brands like Hummer and rugged midsize SUVs like the Nissan Xterra, a modern Wrangler had to be built. But the look and features would not offend four-wheel loyalists.

The Jeep Wrangler now comes with fold-down windshield and removable and convertible tops. The exterior of the new Wrangler was designed with its heritage in mind, said Trevor Creed, senior vice president of Chrysler design. Kerry Ann Griffith, a Wrangler fanatic, is happy to know that the powered features do not prevent hardcore Jeep fans from removing doors for summertime ventures. “I don’t care what they do with the Jeep brand so long as they keep the Wrangler traditional,” said Griffith, who goes trail riding at least once a month.

“Once people see the new Wrangler, they’re going to be blown away by what this thing looks like and what it can do,” said Tom LaSorda, Chrysler chief executive officer.

Jeep sales are increased by 11.5 per cent in 2005 and the automaker is eager to further alleviate the sales with its new Compass, the Liberty Diesel and the seven-passenger Commander. “That is a big thumbs up that you can grow Jeep,” Bell said.

The Jeep Compass is a crossover sport utility vehicles unveiled for the 2007 model year at the 2006 North American International Auto Show. The vehicle uses a 172 horsepower 2.4 liter GEMA I4 gasoline engine for the Australian and European market. Now that the vehicle is modified to cater to a wider market, it comes with loads of promises and surprises. The automaker said the vehicle is engineered to offer more fun, utility, freedom, capability, as well as the potential for exceptional fuel economy and interior flexibility without compromising affordability. Though, the automaker entertained significant modifications, tested parts like the EBC brake rotors will be retained in the model.

The automaker expects that the 2007 Jeep Compass is designed with an urban flair to appeal to new buyers in the compact SUV segment projected to double to 568,000 units by 2010 and triple to 814,000 by 2016 from 297,000 units in 2004. The Jeep Compass is designed to lure single women and recently married professionals ranging in age from 20s to 40s. The automaker is also targeting an upscale demographic with a median income of $60,000.

The all-new Jeep Compass features the Jeep brand’s signature seven-slot grille, round headlamps and trapezoidal wheel openings and a new silhouette that features a steeply raked windshield. Side-curtain air bags are standard and it is equipped with the new 172-horsepower 2.4-liter world engine produced by Chrysler, Mitsubishi Motors Corp. and Hyundai Motor Co.

The Jeep Liberty Diesel, on the other hand, is a compact sport utility vehicle that features 2 new PowerTech engines, a 150 hp 2.4 L I4 and a 210 hp 3.7 L V6, a 2.8 L VM Motori turbodiesel engine became available in the CRD model and four-wheel disc brakes. In 2005, it bagged the title as the best-selling compact sport utility vehicle.

The Jeep Commander, a 7-passenger midsize sport utility vehicle introduced in 2006, features 3 moonroofs, squared-off sides, an upright windshield and very distinct styling. It also offers a base V6 engine with two optional V8s and a new Hemi. In Europe, the vehicle offers a Diesel engine developed by DaimlerChrysler with BlueTec technology.

According to Rebecca Lindland, an analyst with Global Insight Inc., Jeep needs to stay in touch with the changing tastes of buyers, particularly the younger generation. “A lot of the younger consumers in the market are premium-oriented,” Lindland noted. “They look to premium brands so a brand like Hummer is very attractive to them. What Jeep needs to do is become very attractive to that market. They’re trying to expand the appeal of the brand overall without alienating core buyers. They need to get the younger buyers interested in Jeep.”

The Early History Of Bumper Stickers

In 1927, Henry Ford changed the way we got from point A to point B. We replaced the horse and carriage with the Model A and then we quickly found a way to turn these metal contraptions into a new way to express our opinions. Henry Ford also did something else for us with the automobile. He put them out for thousands of people to purchase and as people began to have accidents, he added the bumper to provide some protection to the front and back of the car. Combine this bumper with America’s desire for free speech and people found a new way to advertise their products and ideas.

The first bumper “stickers” were made of cardboard and metal. These were then connected by wire and string. In fact, they looked more like a license plate than a sticker. Nevertheless, these were the forerunners of bumper stickers, as we know them today.

A change to the way bumper stickers were made would come later. In the 1930’s, Forest P. Gill worked for the Crawford Manufacturing Company in Kansas City, Missouri. The company had been making canvas items such as seat and tire covers. The canvas was a sturdy material that was also very versatile, as it could be printed on with ink through silkscreening. These inks were different from the dyes that had been used in the past, as the dyes would fade or run in the sunlight or rain. As a result, the canvas turned out to be an excellent option for printed advertisements for the outdoors. Soon, canvas was used for outdoor advertisements on the canvas awnings that went over store windows and later they were used for covering spare tires and turning those into advertisements as well.

After the Crawford Manufacturing Company went out of business, Gill chose to go into business for himself. Gill received some printing equipment from his ex-employer and began a printing business in the basement of his home in 1934.

Gill struggled to make ends meet and printed everything from bumper signs to can labels. The prints were treated with chemicals to keep them from running and to withstand the weather. As Gill’s operation grew, he had to hire employees. Gill moved out of the basement to 906 Central in Kansas City. The shop was right down the block from the Hotel Savoy, where Harry Truman would lunch at the Savoy Grill.

Later in 1946, a new trend in inks and dyes came about. The Switzer Brother’s Inc. located in Cleveland, Ohio created these. They introduced new colors that were called DayGlo because of their bright, glowing appearance during the day. Gill soon began experimenting with these new inks and creating signs with them. These inks were very eye catching and advertisers wanted to use them to draw more attention.

At the same time, another revelation was being created. This revelation was a new sticky-backed paper that became available to commercial printers. On the back of these papers, a backing could be pulled off and the paper could then be stuck to a smooth surface. Up to that point, silk screen stickers had only be used with water-activated gum papers, but these couldn’t hold up in weather and fell apart over time.

Elsewhere in Kansas City, a printer told Gill about a company that used independent salesmen to advertise products that were sold in regional territories by traveling salesman door to door. Gill contacted the Nationwide Advertising Specialty Company located in Arlington, Texas. The company helped Gill to create an ad that would advertise bumper stickers to the sales reps who could then sell them to various places, such as tourist destinations. The bumper sticker quickly became the perfect souvenir as people purchased cars after the war.

The first bumper stickers were printed on blue and black backgrounds. The ink was fluorescent and they brightly announced where the family had been vacationing. They soon helped to spread the word about tourist destinations located across the country. To advertise himself, Gill placed the name of his company on the very bottom of the bumper stickers he printed. This launched a product that would soon become part of our democracy and the become an symbol of the first amendment.

Pros and Cons of a Smart Car

When people are thinking about making an expensive buying decision, especially with something as new and unusual as the smart car, they often want to know the pros and cons of the various options they are considering. This article will examine the pros and cons of a smart car.

There is no doubt that the smart fortwo car has its passionate supporters. Before it arrived in the United States in 2007, it had already enjoyed wild success in Europe over several years. But with its small size, there are also a number of concerns.

Pros of a Smart Car

There are many benefits to be considered; don’t let its small size fool you!

  • Environmentally-friendly. Not only is this small car fuel-efficient, averaging around 40 mpg, but it has several other environmentally-friendly features as well. The smart fortwo car uses innovative energy-efficient and recyclable materials in its construction. In fact, 95% of the vehicle is recyclable and the dash material is made from recycled synthetics.
  • Easy to park and drive. The smart car has a very small footprint. At less than 9 feet long, it’s nearly 3 feet shorter than the already diminutive Mini Cooper. Of course, a big reason for that is that it’s only a 2-seater. But the short size means this car is super easy to park, especially in tight spots or short spots where other cars wouldn’t fit. It’s also got a great turning radius that makes it very maneuverable.
  • Appearance. No one can argue that the smart fortwo car is not unique in its design and appearance. See one, and you will never forget it, whether you like it or not! Many people’s first impression is that it is just so darn cute. When Mercedes Benz brought the smart fortwo car to the United States, they updated its image to be more cutting edge, with more chrome, a bit longer hood section and updated headlights and dashboard area. You can also change out the plastic body panels to give it a whole new color, or purchase a car wrap with some kind of unique print or design on it.
  • Safety design. Most people’s first reaction when they see this tiny car is something along the lines of, “How could such a small car be safe on the road” However, what make the smart car so unique is Mercedes Benz attention to safety. From the innovative tridion safety cell, a sort of safety cage, to its 4 airbags and advanced braking system, the smart car is built for safety. Crash tests have consistently proved Mercedes’ safety claims. Anecdotal evidence, as published on the safeandsmart.com website, also supports those claims.
  • Surprisingly roomy inside. Another surprising benefit of the smart car is its interior roominess. There is plenty of leg room for both driver and passenger. Head room is great too, with men as tall as 6’6″ fitting in the driver’s seat comfortably. The cargo area is also quite roomy for a small car. We fit a 50-pound black lab and 2 other dogs in our hatch when we go hiking. And we’ve toted home as many as 8 grocery bags and a case of soda when we go food shopping.
  • Perfect commuter car. The smart fortwo car was originally designed as a “city car” for crowded European city-dwellers, and that is its greatest value in the United States, as well. It makes a great commuter car, with its roominess, solid gas mileage and zippy performance on the roads, not to mention ease of parking.

Cons of a Smart Car

Of course, no car is perfect for everyone, and this one is no exception. It does have a few features that could be improved, as well as some aspects that just make it the wrong choice for certain people.

  • Size vs. other cars on the highway. Despite its considerable safety features, there is no question that the smart car is much smaller than just about every other vehicle on the highway. So, there is a good chance that if you are involved in an accident with a big SUV or truck, you might come out the loser. However, there are accounts of smart cars faring better than other larger vehicles in an accident. One advantage of its small footprint is that it might be able to avoid collisions that a larger vehicle could not.
  • No cruise control. As mentioned above, the smart car was designed as a commuter, in-town type of car. Perhaps that’s why, despite a number of other high-end features, it lacks a cruise control option. If you do plan to travel in it or your commute involves highway driving, chances are you are going to miss having cruise control.
  • Unusual transmission. Smart cars have what is termed an “automated manual transmission.” What that means is that you have an option between going completely automatic or using a modified manual transmission. Most people find that keeping it in automatic means slightly sluggish gear shifting. That is easily remedied, however, by switching to the automated manual mode. This is a clutch-less manual transmission, meaning you are in charge of using the stick shift or paddle shifters on the steering wheel to switch gears, but you don’t have to coordinate with a clutch. The manual mode is super easy to use, even if you’ve never driven a stick shift before, and provides for a much zippier gear-shifting experience.
  • Limited passenger seating and cargo space. Smart cars only have 2 seats – the driver’s seat and one passenger seat. So they’re not meant to be family cars. And while the cargo hatch area is surprisingly roomy, it is still less than 8 cubic feet. So you won’t be hauling any lumber or large pieces of furniture in it.
  • Gas mileage could be higher. For such a small car, you might expect the gas mileage to be much higher. However, the smart car was rated the most fuel-efficient gas-powered car in the United States by the EPA in 2010. And even at 40 MPG, it is considerably more fuel-efficient than most light trucks and SUVs on the road today.
  • Requires premium fuel. The smart car requires premium fuel, which can be pricey, because of its small engine size. Smaller engines tend to perform better with a higher grade of fuel. You might consider its gas mileage to be the trade-off for the pricier gas.

In weighing the pros of a smart car against the cons, I find the pros win. For what it’s designed to be — a commuter vehicle for 1 or 2 people — the smart car is a great value with many added benefits. Could it be better? Sure, as with most products, there is definitely room for improvement. But, if you want a forward-thinking, unique and fuel-efficient small car, then I would definitely encourage you to consider the smart fortwo car.

The Secret in Making Your V8 Engine Roar

Making your exhaust sound louder and deeper can be as simple as just replacing your muffler. Many owners of cars with V8 engines do not want to muffle the roar of their engines and always look for ways to improve the sound of their vehicles. The basic muffler design you are looking for to make your car sound louder is a straight-through muffler. Mufflers designed to silence engine exhausts loop the exhaust gases once or twice inside the muffler to deaden the sound. Some owners have found that using a straight pipe instead of putting in a replacement muffler is enough. With V8 engines, you can also put a cross-pipe just after the exhaust manifold collectors to give your engine exhaust a different sound. The sound will be much louder but this may be what you are looking for.

The distinctive V8 sound comes from the uneven exhaust pressures on either side of the engine, which is a direct result of having an odd firing order. The very distinct exhaust sound made by a crossplane V8 is from the irregular firing order. Crossplane refers to the crankshaft design used in most automotive V8 engines. These crankshaft designs provide smoother running because of the large crankshaft counterweights that are employed to balance out the vibrations of the engine. Opposite to a crossplane is a flat-plane crank that is often used in high performance V8s for their high-revving capabilities in exchange for rougher running.

Each time two cylinders fire on the same side in sequence, the two exhaust pulses create high exhaust pressure and noise which can be heard out the tailpipe. This repeats later in the firing order on the other side of the engine. Often times, balance pipes are used to equalize the large exhaust pressure difference between each side of the engine. The pressure equalization improves exhaust scavenging, especially at low RPM. This is why after the mufflers, succeeding exhaust system mods will include a larger diameter or differently-design cross pipe. The final exhaust system modification you can perform is to replace your V8 engine’s exhaust manifold with headers, which when properly designed will improve horsepower and give your engine a more aggressive sound. Some “advice” you will hear or read online is about removing the catalytic converters to produce a louder sound from your engine. While this may be so, cats are a legal requirement to operate a motor vehicle and it is irresponsible to remove them.

Nypro Case Study

Financials & Profits

Nypro’s financial statements display a growth in Net profit (before-taxes) of about 7.5-8% between 1992- 1995, whereas before-tax profits averaged only 4% in the industry. Nypro ranked 10th in size among the 40,000 firms in the plastic injection molding industry (Block, 1996).

If we now flip to 2006-2008, we see that Nypro’s net margin has dropped to around 3.5% of sales. Nypro was a pioneer in creating differentiating processes, technologies and culture in their organization. However, Nypro’s advancements did not constitute a truly unique and inimitable capability. Process improvements have been difficult to sustain competitive advantages against competitors beyond the short-term. Competitors are able to readily incorporate new production or process techniques shown to improve profit performance through cost, quality and customer satisfaction advantages. Over the last decade, it seems that Nypro has not been able to maintain it’s superior performance in the industry, which denotes the company’s inability to develop an inimitable competitive advantage.

The plastics molding industry possesses almost insignificant entry barriers, low differentiation, and several smaller producers serving a niche, and offering low value-add to the industry. With technological and process emulation, how then does a company excel and differentiate, especially considering the low entry barriers and the inability to significantly differentiate? The answer is to innovate; to become an industry leader, and to remain on the industry’s cutting edge. Nypro has taken this challenge to heart, empowering its employees to facilitate success and to continue stewardship and development of proprietary technology through efforts such as its revolutionary Nova-plast machine.

Market Power

Nypro is part of the Plastic Containers Industry, which is a fragmented competitive industry. In 1995, Nypro was the leader in the plastic injection molding industry among companies that did not focus on automobile industry. Nypro’s customer base is divided into three main categories – consumer/industrial (about 32.2 % of sales), health care (about 46.7% of sales) and electronics (about 21.1% of sales). Nypro needs to identify the profit margin associated with each of these market segments along with the technological advances in these consumer industries. This will help the company analyze which customers will benefit the most from their improved capability and be able to take advantage of the cost savings to counter market competition.

Strategically, in terms of organization structure, Nypro set up medium sized production plants geographically close to its major customers. This created some economies in terms of transportation costs and gave the customer a much more local interface with the company.

Nypro followed the model of an Operating Board in its plants which allowed for maximum participation and engagement. The Board consisted of operational managers from other plants which kept information flowing freely through the organization. Nypro encouraged competition and intrapreneurship among its own plants. This encouraged creativity and idea generation to increase competitiveness in the marketplace.

However, the decentralized innovation strategy precludes the derivation of profit enhancing efficiencies. Although management has sought a localized and client-centric plant strategy, the absence of standardized production approaches codified by Nypro’s industry groups limits scale economies, slows the economies of learning, and more importantly elevates overall cost of products sold and material costs given wide disparities in utilization and cost structures across the company’s various plant assets. As shown by the following table, management has yet to compress the range of material utilization and material costs, which lowers profits and the company’s market power.

Further, the incohesive production approaches has also revealed inconsistent product quality. The following table illustrates the wide disparities between production plants.

The sharing of high visibility innovation has seemingly foreshadowed the accomplishments of plant assets to satiate customers through delivery of high-quality products and the limited costs of product returns. Although post-installation customer satisfaction measurement was not apart of the company’s performance template, it does have real implications to the Nypro cost structure and customer perceptions concerning product quality both of which hold quantifiable impact on market power (i.e., lower client satisfaction and reduced future sales).

In 2008, Nypro is focusing on achieving balance in their three key market areas. Their strategy is to position themselves as a ‘Go To Strategic Partner’ among clients. They have increasing partnerships with esteemed companies like Estee Lauder and P&G’s – Flawless brand of Secret deodorant.

Growth / Innovation

Differentiation and innovation strategies require a strong integration with the environment, the customers, and the technology suppliers. In terms of the Miles & Snow Typology, Nypro played the role of a prospector, i.e. being innovation oriented exploiting new product and growth strategies.

The plastic injection molding industry was a fragmented industry characterized by perfect competition. There were no barriers to entry and many new potential entrants into the market. This meant that buyers had negotiating power over firms that provided similar products. Lankton realized that in order to sustain Nypro among its competitors, he had to introduce technological innovations that would provide the customers cost and quality advantage. He also consolidated Nypro’s business to focus on large companies that could provide bigger orders and were introducing product innovations themselves. This meant that Nypro would grow with their customers and be ahead of the technology innovation curve in the market.

Nypro operated in a team structure where a Development team developed product specs and was responsible through the production phase. Every project & product was then followed by the Continuous Improvement team that represented all the different aspects of the firm and concentrated on innovating the product and process for the customer. These teams worked closely with the customer to maintain quality standards or change processes or product specs based on any feedback from end consumers or competitors’ challenges. This ability to share internal processes with clients brought a close partnership and resulted in product and process efficiencies for both teams.

The NovaPlast could further expand the company’s penetration of customer accounts, providing additional value-added services to clients: low-volume, specialized moldings. NovaPlast permits Nypro to maintain the client relationship and the accompanying revenues without outsourcing low-volume jobs to potential competitors. The customized molding permits the company to set higher pricing and margins given the specialty moldings set to customer specifications. Lower volume levels could be offset with higher pricing to recoup research and development costs

The other innovations that Nypro implemented included clean plant design, visual factory design as their standard plant layout.

Resources

In determining its strategy, Nypro had more of a resource-based view of the firm where they evaluated how to make innovation a core competence in the organization. Lankton was perceptive to find the value creation zone in the plastic injection molding industry by combining his customer’s needs and competitor’s lack of differentiation.

Lankton also invested significantly in changing the culture and retaining talent resources at Nypro. Valuable employees received stock options and as shareholders received the opportunity to select the Board of Directors for Nypro. Performance measures were always comparisons between plants and teams i.e. more collective than individualistic. These performance measurements included evaluating customer’s end product success, customer’s strategic market goals, any improvement in cost and profit margins, cycle time and gaining additional contracts.

The company’s labor capital and decentralized innovation process serves as Nypro’s crucial resource and knowledge capital. In addition, the organizational culture is one of creative tension through internal competition with Lankton’s competitive culture the cohesive dynamic spurring innovation and propagating silos. The company’s culture feeds the knowledge system through the dispersion of process enhancements transmitted by organizational systems.

Despite the dispersion of innovation, the absence of standardized production approaches has prevented the realization of efficiency standards across company plants. This is evidenced by range of machine utilization and customer return incidence levels.

Although plant processes are customized to industry and customer standards, shareholder capital is not efficiently managed and deployed given the competitive tension preventing greater cross-unit collaboration.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Nypro implemented a number of differentiating activities in the industry like improved processes, using Continuous Improvement Teams, focusing on cycle time and precision and setting performance standards based on end customer success and team efforts. In addition, Stegmann provides that matrix and process organizational structures produce positive EVAs for corporate managers. These efforts and cultural changes did help Nypro create some long-term strategic alliances with their clients.

However, Nypro operates in a competitive market, they have to be flexible and continuously improve operations in order to stay ahead of competitors and retain or gain market share. Stegmann, further, offers, that organization strategies generating positive EVAs are task sharing and empowered employees, horizontal communication, teams, decentralized structures and decision-making, and cultural innovation.

Although the Nypro organization reflects a number of these positive EVA attributes, It is our concern that the competitive culture stymies horizontal communication. As noted earlier, plant efficiency is disparate across Nypro’s global system of plant assets. Given process innovation is limited in duration, the company would be better served to also facilitate the sharing of “less visible” production efficiencies to further derive profits, market power, and shareholder earnings. We would like to see management reduce and tighten the range of material costs as a percentage of sales, and increase machine utilization to employ idle capacity. We are not suggesting full capacity run-rates in lieu of the impact on equipment and labor, and the potential need for excess capacity for product ramp-ups by clients. However, production assets operating below 65 to 70 percent denotes more idle capacity than we would like to see.

In terms of the decision making process for implementing NovaPlast machines, Nypro operates in a constantly changing competitive environment. This means that Nypro has to be prepared to respond to changing industry and customer demands. In this scenario, it would be best for Nypro to implement NovaPlast machines in one of the plants and measure success levels and pros and cons before pushing these machines to all plants across the world.

In terms of the decision making process for implementing NovaPlast machines, Nypro operates in a constantly changing competitive environment. This means that Nypro has to be prepared to respond to changing industry and customer demands. Our Novaplast rollout plan would suggest the designation of top plants segmented by the three top industries: healthcare, consumer/industrials, and communication/electronics. This would permit a centralized innovation process predicated on industry specialization. From this basis, general industry specifications could be further specialized to incorporate the nuances featured within individual client blueprints. Although this decentralized approach may elevate costs and mitigate profits, the divisional learning could yield innovative processes and enhancements to offset development and improvement costs with higher sales.

Reference:

Block, M. (1996). An Inside Look at Nypro. American Journal of Engineering 15(2). Retrieved 05/01/2011 from the business source complete database.

Cheap Car Insurance Is Easy To Get Online

Car insurance is an added expense over and above the considerable expense of owning and maintaining a car, particularly when you consider all the other types of insurance that are necessary in today’s world, so it is only natural to want to get cheap car insurance without compromising on coverage. Luckily, cheap car insurance is well within your reach, provided you know how to get it.

The Internet is the best place to start when shopping for cheap car insurance. Insurance companies are now geared to provide you with a quote online but you will still need to shop around and compare quotes, and keying in your details separately for each insurance company you want a quote from can be a hassle. The answer is to use an insurance company that allows you to get multiple quotes online. You enter your details online, and the insurance company will draw up individual quotes for a number of insurance providers (sometimes as many as eight) and send them to you all in one go. How cool is that? You will even save on your phone bill because you won’t need to use the phone to get your quotes.

There are a number of other things you can do to reduce your car insurance besides getting cheap car insurance quotes online. You can increase your excess which will decrease your premiums on a monthly basis but substantially increase the amount you will have to pay out of your pocket when you claim. Accidents happen when you least expect them so you need to be sure you can afford to pay such a high excess if you go this route. All new cars now have to be insured before they leave the showroom floor these days but you can limit the amount of insurance you will have to pay by purchasing a cheap or moderately priced car. To insurance companies, cheaper cars mean cheaper repairs which means they will have to fork out less. The result is a lower premium for the consumer who buys a cheaper car.

Ensure that your car is parked in a secured area like a garage or lockable car port at night, and consider fitting additional security measures such as a gear-lock, as this can help you get a cheaper package. Speaking of packages, it is often cheaper to have a combined coverage package, where you insure your car, home and possessions with one insurance company than several separate premiums with different companies. Avoid driving a high-risk vehicle or expensive car if you can. High-risk vehicles are the makes and models of cars that insurance companies consider to be vulnerable to theft and hi-jacking, and your premium will be raised accordingly. Also, expensive cars tend to be expensive to repair, so you can expect your insurance premium to be higher than if you had a cheaper car.

As you can see, there are a number of ways to get cheaper car insurance, but cheaper is not always better because it can mean you aren’t adequately covered. You need to be clear on what your insurance status is and what adequate coverage costs, and then decide how far over and above a reasonable insurance premium you want to go with extras.Car insurance is an added expense over and above the considerable expense of owning and maintaining a car, particularly when you consider all the other types of insurance that are necessary in today’s world, so it is only natural to want to get cheap car insurance without compromising on coverage. Luckily, cheap car insurance is well within your reach, provided you know how to get it.

The Internet is the best place to start when shopping for cheap car insurance. Insurance companies are now geared to provide you with a quote online but you will still need to shop around and compare quotes, and keying in your details separately for each insurance company you want a quote from can be a hassle. The answer is to use an insurance company that allows you to get multiple quotes online. You enter your details online, and the insurance company will draw up individual quotes for a number of insurance providers (sometimes as many as 8) and send them to you all in one go. How cool is that? You will even save on your phone bill because you won’t need to use the phone to get your quotes.

There are a number of other things you can do to reduce your car insurance besides getting cheap car insurance quotes online. You can increase your excess which will decrease your premiums on a monthly basis but substantially increase the amount you will have to pay out of your pocket when you claim. Accidents happen when you least expect them so you need to be sure you can afford to pay such a high excess if you go this route. All new cars now have to be insured before they leave the showroom floor these days but you can limit the amount of insurance you will have to pay by purchasing a cheap or moderately priced car. To insurance companies, cheaper cars mean cheaper repairs which means they will have to fork out less. The result is a lower premium for the consumer who buys a cheaper car.

Ensure that your car is parked in a secured area like a garage or lockable car port at night, and consider fitting additional security measures such as a gear-lock, as this can help you get a cheaper package. Speaking of packages, it is often cheaper to have a combined coverage package, where you insure your car, home and possessions with one insurance company than several separate premiums with different companies. Avoid driving a high-risk vehicle or expensive car if you can. High-risk vehicles are the makes and models of cars that insurance companies consider to be vulnerable to theft and hi-jacking, and your premium will be raised accordingly. Also, expensive cars tend to be expensive to repair, so you can expect your insurance premium to be higher than if you had a cheaper car.

As you can see, there are a number of ways to get cheaper car insurance, but cheaper is not always better because it can mean you aren’t adequately covered. You need to be clear on what your insurance status is and what adequate coverage costs, and then decide how far over and above a reasonable insurance premium you want to go with extras.

How Graphite Fishing Rod Blanks Are Made

Fishing rod blanks are made of a carbon fibers composite or prepregs (= pre-impregnated) produced by the chemical industry with a long and costly procedure. The vast majority of carbon composites are not used to make fishing rods but have endless applications in larger sectors of the industrial world like the automobile and aerospace industry.

A composite is basically a material made of two or more different materials. In a carbon composite the carbon fibers are reinforced in a polymer matrix (e.g. polyester or epoxy).

But, first of all, is the raw material made out of carbon or graphite? Can we say graphite or carbon blanks? Answer: actually we can say both. We can say carbon thinking of the atoms, the “material” at the base of the “stuff” we hold in our hands, and we can say graphite as well thinking of the molecule and thus the structure that the carbon atoms have.

So, in a carbon fiber composite, the raw material, the “carbon” is in its graphite form: hexagonal rings bond together in a ribbon structure (yes, not exactly in a plane like in the graphite of a pencil). The structure is very flexible, resistant to stretching, strong, and light. Perfect to make a fishing rod!

A fishing rod company which makes their own blanks must know which composite to order since the prepregs can differ in purpose, composition or fiber type, orientation, resin content, and weight per square meter.

Sometimes, along with carbon fibers other fibers like glass-fibers, boron or ceramic are mixed together to form different layers And a fishing rod blank manufacturer can often use three or four different prepregs at the same time, each for a different section of the rod.

Now, there are many types of carbon fibers: IM6, M8, M55, M40, M40J, M46J, T300, HR40, and more. Each have their own properties: which are the modulus and the strength. Good fishing rods have generally speaking a high modulus, a high strength, and intermediate percentage of fibers.

Modulus is the ratio (expressed in millions of psi, “pounds per square inch”, a measure of a force on an area) between stiffness and weight of the graphite blank. The higher the modulus, the more energy the rod can store and release. The energy is a way of saying the speed and the power of the rod. Think of a swimmer on a diving board and try to imagine to variate the properties of the jumping board and you will see what it is. The higher the modulus, the more expensive is the blank and also more brittle the blank after an impact. Some also like to say that modulus is the resistance to flex. The higher the modulus, the more expensive is the blank and also more brittle the blank after an impact.

As a consequences, if you are new at building custom rods, stay away from top modulus blanks and rather use a mid-range modulus.

Now, let’s go back to the carbon composite and let’s say you are a fishing rod manufacturer and are going to make a blank. When it arrives, it is tough but “floppy” it. To transform it into a fishing rod, you need to do three things: design its shape, apply heat and pressure, cool it down and finish it.

A lengthy, sophisticated process which requires machineries which the average hobbyist cannot afford. But anyone can buy rod blanks of the same quality of their brand names today directly from the manufacturers themselves or their wholesaler.

Bamboo rod makers, on the contrary, can make their own rod from the raw material, “tonkin” cane, keeping control of all the elaborate process at every stage, especially when it comes to design the taper and so the action of the rod.

Tonkin cane is actually bamboo of the Pseudosasa Amabilis species and the best quality comes from bamboo plantation in the South West China.

So, you only need to find a bamboo broker, or importer to start making your own bamboo rod. An enthralling experience which is witnessing a Renaissance today.

What Function Does a Cabin Air Filter Serve in My Car?

As you drive down the road and realize you are getting hot, you turn on the AC and expect to wait a few minutes for the air to get cool and make the rest of the ride comfortable. But it doesn’t get cool after a few minutes. A smack on the dashboard returns no more results and you give in and roll down the window a crack. What is wrong with the AC now when it worked just fine a week ago. Or did it?

Many air conditioning systems in cars that were built after the year 2000 have what is called a cabin air filter inside of them. The cabin air filter sits outside of the engine area and filters air that comes from the outside and in to the AC system. The air filter will get rid of a lot of pollutants getting in the cabin of the vehicle. But, imagine a filter on the outside and what else it can pick up when it drives down the road, mile after mile? Cabin air filters can easily get clogged.

A cabin air filter that hasn’t been changed recently can make the AC in the car not work or not work as efficiently. With a clogged air filter, no air can get in – it is simple as that. So when you recently tried to turn on the AC and it didn’t produce results, it might be an easy fix as to just switch out the filter.

Skipping the filter can be expensive if you don’t have the ability to do it yourself. However, it isn’t something you can go without doing, especially if you have discovered the AC doesn’t work. Check with your mechanic or dealer and see what the cost is for a filter. They might even be able to look at it and see if that is initially the problem or if there is something else, more sinister going on with the AC system.

The cabin air filter works to keep bad air out of the cabin when it comes in for the cooling process. The air molecules it can keep out include pollen, dirt from the road, pollutants from the air, road grime, dust, dirt, leaves and anything else flying around on the road. The air filter works just like a filter does on the furnace of the home or an air purifying system. Frequent changing of the filters is best and will keep everyone inside a little bit healthier. The cleaner the air, the better it is for those with allergies or even asthma and need to have clean air in order to feel good all of the time.

Car Pedal Extender Best For Petite Drivers

Not everyone is blessed with an average height and model figure legs that can drive comfortably for long miles. Each people have their particular concerns especially when it comes to size and height. Typically height may be the usual predicament of some drivers because of difficulty in reaching pedals that promotes uneasiness and awkwardness when driving. Because of these serious concerns brought about the invention of flexible car pedal extender. With this product, drivers can now sit 2 to 4 inches further from the steering wheel making driving more comfortable every time you drive to your desired destinations, plus, it helps you to keep away from the car’s danger zone.

These pedal extenders can be smoothly obtained these days through online stores but perplexities will tend to arise when you start to scout for websites that can offer reliability and affordability in their products. When planning to buy pedal extenders for your vehicle it may be a great option to check some car-oriented websites and read about reviews on different manufacturers and suppliers of these particular product. Find out where to get supplies that best suits your need. More even so, look at some pictures and comments from customers to ensure of getting the right one to avoid wasting your time and money.

Be circumspect in choosing as well as in determining what you need since there are more than one type of pedal extensions in the market such as gas pedal extenders, gas and brake pedal extensions, clutch pedal extensions and more. Each kind of pedal extension serves different purpose and can be adjusted according to what you need, say for example, there are pedals intended for average people as well as for petite people who may require several inches to reach the pedal conveniently. Remember the word convenient, the extenders that you buy should serve your ultimate purpose and that is convenience in driving.

Pedal extenders are easy to install products. You can do it on your own if you want to or have a mechanic install it for you. If you choose to buy pedal extensions in the local stores near you, it is best to bring your car to them to and let them help you decide for your car. This is also to ensure that the product can be changed immediately if ever it doesn’t fit your car. Additionally, safety is very important hence, you must get the right car pedal extensions to avoid any glitches that can cause accidents.