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Remove My Wrinkles, Lift My Sagging Skin, Tighten My Eyelids With No Surgery! How?

The fountain of youth is just a phone call away…..

I have heard from women that growing old they will gracefully do. It reminds me when people say beauty is skin deep. Some truth be told, all human beings would feel incredible if they were proud of their youthful appearance as they age gracefully. It does take maintenance.

Like a loving respectful child, a fine tuned automobile or anything we value, must be nurtured and protected from the environment and other influences that rapidly destroy the beauty of what we cherish. A level of commitment and consistency is needed to achieve a healthy balance in all we do. This is certainly the case in preventing the body, mind and our appearance from prematurely aging. Virtually at any age the body can look and feel incredible if you’re willing to put in the effort.

Avoiding the sun, maintaining a healthy weight and choosing less toxic food can protect your body, mind and appearance indefinitely. Some and unfortunately many have had some bad habits in the past and have neglected taking care of themselves for many years. With the technology available today you can reverse and correct much of the damage you have done to help your skin look better than ever.

Microdermabrasion, Laser Skin Resurfacing and IPL Laser treatments will correct and remove brown spots, redness, scars and wrinkles but the treatments that will lift and tighten the skin are Botox Cosmetics, Radiesse and other facial fillers.

Why put poison in your body? Doesn’t that contradict health? Botox is a protein, used for over twenty years, to help many medical conditions. Recently Botox has been approved to safely and effectively remove forehead wrinkles, frown lines, crows feet, sagging eyelids and droopy eyebrows with no downtime at a fraction of the cost of surgery. Radiesse is calcium based facial filler that lifts the face by filling in the upper check area and the lines around the mouth in minutes and last for over a year. Jevederm, Restylane, and Pearlane are Hyaluronic acid. These are natural, safe fillers, which are softer than Radiesse and often preferred for use in lifting and filling in the lip area and under the eyes.

Wrinkle removal is almost immediate with these treatments and within days the face appears tight, with a youthful fullness.

Women and men are seeking Botox and fillers now more than ever. It is never too late to start a healthy lifestyle, protect your face from the sun and make changes toward a more healthy diet.

The glory of this process is that it’s very quick and with little discomfort. The results of Radiesse and other fillers is immediate. Botox takes effect within 24 to 48 hours and the results are literally eye opening. As with all cosmetic procedures these injections are technique dependent. A highly trained and skilled medical professional must be administering these products. Mostly all treatments take less than 15 minutes and the process is undetectable. The results, however are obvious but without downtime or scars. No one will understand how you were able to look ten years younger over the weekend.

The Nuts and Bolts of Auto Law in Pennsylvania

AUTO ACCIDENT BASICS – WHO PAYS WHAT IN PENNSYLVANIA?

Navigating the insurance world after an auto accident can be very confusing. There are many questions revolving around who pays for injuries, medical bills and property damage. Understanding the nuts and bolts of auto accident law, ahead of time, can save considerable time and effort.

BODILY INJURY LIABILITY

A. How Much?

Under Pennsylvania law, Pennsylvania car owners must carry at least $15,000 of bodily injury liability coverage to pay for personal injuries to another driver, in the event of an accident. Drivers can elect higher amounts.

B. Who Pays?

Bodily injury coverage is based on fault and is available to the other driver in an auto accident. For example, Driver A causes an accident with Driver B, causing serious personal injuries to Driver B. Driver A’s auto policy includes the state minimum-$15,000 of bodily injury liability coverage. Driver B can make a claim under Driver A’s auto policy, for personal injuries, up to the $15,000 limit. However, Driver B may be limited in what he can recover, depending on whether he selected Full Tort or Limited Tort in his own auto policy.

C. How it Works?

In some instances, an injured driver can make a claim for bodily injury liability coverage against the other driver’s insurance company without having to file a lawsuit. However, if that insurance company fails to offer fair and reasonable compensation, the injured driver may have to file a lawsuit against the other driver.

PROPERTY DAMAGE

A. How Much?

Under Pennsylvania law, Pennsylvania car owners must carry at least $5,000 of property damage coverage to pay for property damage to another driver, in the event of an accident. Drivers can elect higher amounts.

B. Who Pays?

This type of coverage is frequently misunderstood. It is not available to an insured driver, under his own policy. Rather, it is available to the other driver in an accident, and is based upon fault. In our example, Driver A causes an accident with Driver B. Driver B’s car is totaled. Driver A has $10,000 of property damage coverage. Driver B can make a claim under Driver A’s auto policy for the fair market value of the totaled car, up to $10,000. In this same example, let’s assume Driver A’s auto was damaged. Driver A cannot make a property damage claim under his own policy. Again, property damage coverage is only available to the other driver and is based on fault.

C. Collision and Comprehensive Coverage

Collision and comprehensive coverage are optional and cover different types of auto damage. Collision covers any damage caused by an auto accident less a deductible. Comprehensive coverage covers any non-accident damage, such as fire, theft, etc., less a deductible. A driver who has purchased these types of coverage can make a claim under their own auto policy. Using the same example, Driver A-who caused the accident, can make a claim for repair to his auto, if and only if he has collision coverage. If Driver A did not purchase collision coverage, he would be responsible for the repairs.

D. How it Works

If an innocent driver’s auto is damaged in an accident caused by another driver, a property damage claim can be made directly to the other driver’s auto insurance company. So long as the accident is clearly the other driver’s fault, this is usually the easiest way to make a property damage claim. If the innocent driver has collision coverage under his own auto policy, then a property damage claim can be made with his own auto insurance company. However, the deductible would be subtracted from the total amount recovered. Then, because the accident was the other driver’s fault, the innocent driver’s own auto insurance company should obtain the deductible from the other driver’s auto insurance company. That deductible should eventually make its way back to the innocent driver.

Again, using our example, Driver A is at fault for an accident with Driver B. Driver B has collision coverage with a standard $500 deductible. Driver B has a choice to make a claim with Driver A’s insurance company or his own insurance company. If he makes the claim with his own insurance company, he would receive the fair market value of his totaled auto less the $500 deductible. His insurance company would then seek reimbursement from Driver A’s auto insurance company for the fair market value and the deductible. At some point, Driver B should receive the $500 deductible back from his own insurance company-because the accident was Driver A’s fault.

A property damage claim is usually made without having to resort to a lawsuit. Incidentals such as rental car costs and towing/storage, are immediately compensable if the innocent driver has purchased such coverage under his own policy. Otherwise, they will become out of pocket expenses in a subsequent personal injury lawsuit against the other driver.

MEDICAL BENEFITS

A. How Much?

Under Pennsylvania law, Pennsylvania car owners must carry at least $5,000 of medical coverage to pay for medical bills incurred in an auto accident. Drivers can elect higher amounts up to $1,000,000.

B. Who Pays?

Many states including Pennsylvania are “No Fault”-meaning that regardless of whose fault the accident was, a driver can make a medical benefits claim under their own auto insurance policy, up to the amount of medical benefit coverage purchased.

Using our example, Driver A causes an accident with Driver B. Both drivers have insurance policies with medical benefits coverage. Let’s assume that Driver A has $10,000 of medical benefits coverage and Driver B has the state minimum-$5,000. If both drivers are injured and require medical treatment, they would both make a claim under their respective policies. In this example, Driver A could make a claim for medical benefits up to $10,000 and Driver B could make a claim for medical benefits up to $5,000.

Also, the medical benefits coverage amount is per person, per accident. In other words, if a father and his minor son are injured in an accident, and the father has an auto policy with $5,000 medical benefits coverage, then both can receive up to $5,000 of that coverage. If the father or son gets into a subsequent accident, they would again be eligible for $5,000 of the same coverage.

C. How it Works

When making a claim for medical benefits, a driver may go to a doctor/provider of their choosing and should provide their auto policy claim number and auto insurance information. Under Pennsylvania law, once a driver provides this information to a medical provider, that medical provider is required to bill the auto insurance and cannot bill the driver directly. Once the auto insurance company receives bills from the medical providers, the amounts of the bills will be reduced in accordance with Act 6-an Amendment to Pennsylvania motor vehicle law made in 1990. Act 6 limits the amount that medical providers can recover for accident related medical bills. At some point, the amount of medical benefits under an auto policy may become exhausted and then the driver would use their own medical/health insurance to cover any remaining bills.

D. Priority of Coverage

When a person is injured in an accident, there can be more than one source of medical benefits. Under Pennsylvania law, there is an order of coverage, known as “priority of coverage”. The first level is an auto policy in which the injured person is a “named insured”- that generally means an auto policy purchased by the injured person. The second level is an auto policy in which the injured person is “insured”. This generally refers to an auto policy purchased by the injured person’s spouse, parent or relative residing in the same household.

The third level applies when the injured person does not own an auto policy and is not covered as an insured under any auto policy. This third level is an auto policy covering the auto that the injured person was riding in when the accident occurred. Finally, the fourth level applies to injured persons who are pedestrians or bicyclists. This fourth level is any auto policy involved in the accident. In some situations, more than one policy may apply-and the first auto insurance policy to get billed will be responsible up to the applicable medical benefits amount. That insurance company can then, seek reimbursement from the other insurance company. Also, if a person is injured in an auto accident during their employment, workers’ compensation coverage is the primary source of medical benefits coverage.

F. Persons Who Do Not Qualify for Medical Benefits

Under Pennsylvania law, certain classes of drivers do not qualify for medical benefits, even though they have purchased auto policies. They include motorcycle drivers, snowmobile, motorized bike, and four wheeler operators. Also, the owner of a registered auto who fails to purchase auto insurance cannot make a claim for medical benefits. For example, a person may own a registered car, but then fails to obtain insurance for it. If that person becomes injured while a passenger in a friend’s car, they cannot make a claim for medical benefits under the friend’s auto policy. These classes of drivers must use their own medical/health insurance to pay for any medical bills incurred as a result of an accident.

For more information visit http://www.thepanjinjurylawyers.com/practice_areas/new-jersey-car-accident-attorney-pennsylvania-truck-wreck-lawyer.cfm

Negotiate Like a Professional

Negotiating can be done in a professional manner that can increase customer satisfaction while helping to protect both parties’ interests.

Let’s first look at some of the problems that give negotiating a bad name and then look at the solutions. A lack of training in negotiating in the automotive industry has put sales people at a disadvantage. Usually, a sales person is taught how to negotiate in a learn-as-you-go method. Although all learning must be accomplished by doing, some preparation has to be done to make the learning experience more effective. All sales people and managers should go through a course on basic and advanced negotiating. Assuming that sales managers can automatically teach your sales people to negotiate professionally is asking for trouble. How did the managers learn to negotiate?

Sales people should be taught the expected procedures. I like to call these routing procedures. Routing procedures will define everyone’s responsibilities, from the moment a customer is greeted until they are delivered, including the necessary paperwork and who initiates what. Included in the routing procedures are items known as, black and white items. Black and white items are the things that should never vary at your dealership. These items are to be defined by your top management and can include such things as not quoting discounted prices on the lot or never low-balling on price.

Another source of problems in negotiating is the misuse of traditional negotiating techniques. The “higher authority technique” is a technique of always deferring to a higher authority for a decision. The technique is a solid negotiation tactic that has been run into the ground by automotive people. Having your sales people run to the manager more than once or twice in negotiations is a crime. Not giving the sales person any latitude or decision-making capability in negotiations leads to the yo-yo effect that creates mistrust in the sales person and customer.

When is the last time a sales person in your dealership was taught what to do when a customer asks for a lower down payment, lower payment, higher trade values or a reduction of the sales price. Most veteran sales people in dealerships all over the country could not verbally and written give you at least three or four steps to each one of the above objections without having to think or blink. How many objections in negotiation are there? Most objections fall into only a few categories. Have your sales people role played recently on those objections and the potential answer to them? Example: “Mr. Customer, we would be happy to lower your monthly budget $50 a month. Did you want to go 60 months instead of 48, or put $1,500 more cash investment, or look at the car with about $50 a month less in equipment, or look at a lease/Smart Buy program? Which would be best for you?” Whether you like my words or there are some others you prefer is not as important as having a way to handle the objections and practicing them over and over until the sales people know their negotiating skills.

“He or she who prepares the most, wins the most.” A large part of negotiating is knowing when and how to negotiate, as well as being prepared for all situations. The tragic death of John Kennedy Jr. might have been prevented with more preparation. Although negotiating may not be life or death for a sales person, it can feel like life or death to a sales person that wants to help his or her customer and doesn’t know how.

The following are few simple negotiating techniques:

1. Flinch – always flinch at any proposal or counter proposal.

2. Split the Split – When customers offer to split the difference, offer back to split their proposal again. Example: $3,000 apart $1,500 split offered $ 2,250 your counter

3. Bracket proposals – If your desired gross profit is $3,000 and the customer offers you $1,500, propose back as much above your desired profit as they proposed below, example: $4,500 gross would be the same $1,500 amount above your desired gross, as they had offered below. Most likely they will offer to split the difference and it also lends credence to your offer.

4. Give/get – Try always to get something in return for giving something. This will stop the customer from nibbling and eroding your gross. If you don’t use give/get, you will not only give away all your gross but will also create a shopper.

Everyone negotiates everyday. Whether it’s on vehicles, houses, relationships or pay plans etc., everyone negotiates on things we sometimes didn’t even realize we had negotiated on. Somehow people walk away from negotiating things other than automobiles feeling extremely positive about the process. Why? I invite you to ask how you would feel negotiating at your dealership and what you could do to make it better for the customer, sales person, manager and dealership.

Noise-Canceling Headphones – Pros And Cons

As a consequence of my athletic life style over the last 30 years, coupled with my manic obsession for high quality music during the course of my daily workouts, I have suffered hundreds of technologically inferior headphones in my personal pursuit of those that provide the greatest comfort and highest quality sound while limiting extraneous noise which interferes with my concentration and focus. For the active and athletically inclined, of all ages and levels of excellence. Hear me loud and clear! If you have been searching for such an accessory, You have come to the perfect online store!

The line of products that I offer will provide the perfect balance between your ability to mentally and physically focus upon your chosen activity and your complete immersion into the unique and compelling world of energizing sound virtually free from extraneous noise and distractions.

The staggering effects of my “Noise Cancelling” headphones will seduce your senses while providing an exhilarating backdrop for spirited and task directed physical conditioning.

In order to assess the “price/sound” ratio, I began a systematic process of practical and personal experience in conjunction with a comprehensive and exhaustive research of a variety of headphones which were compatible with various technologies such as MP3 players, automobile CD and DVD stereo systems, personal computer data processors, and telecommunication systems of all varieties.

The music from these selected “Noise Cancelling” headphones provides an enclosed sound system which emphasizes bold and clear lyrics and instrumentation. I was astounded by my ability to immediately recognize various subtleties that I had always listened to, yet not heard.

My research has developed significant, objective, quantifiable differences between noise-canceling headphones and those that do not have this capability. Included in these comparisons, I specifically targeted enclosed ear covers compared with those headsets commonly referred to as “earbuds” and “earclips”.

I currently feature a variety of twelve (12) separate and distinct headphone/headset styles and technologies. For the cost conscious shopper, I have ranked these products by price. My most expensive headset is the Sony YMDRNC50 at $149.99. My least expensive, with the noise-canceling feature, is the Maxell MXLHPNC3 at a price of $39.95 which is considerably less expensive than many other well respected brands.

Both high and low-end headphones are lightweight, fold for compact storage after use, come with a carrying case and a lifetime warranty.

Please note that price, while an indication of greater manufacturing and technological sophistication, does not automatically translate into the most comfortable fit and superior quality and crispness of sound. Each person enjoys certain physical abilities unique to them. Listening and hearing capabilities obviously vary. You will be able to gauge for yourself which product best suits your specific listening needs.

There are advantages and disadvantages in using “Noise Canceling” Headphones. These are best described in Wikipedia, the free online encyclopedia as follows:

“Noise-cancelling headphones reduce unwanted ambient sounds (i.e., acoustic noise) by means of active noise control. Essentially, this involves using a microphone, placed near the ear, and electronic circuitry which generates an “antinoise” sound wave with the opposite polarity of the sound wave arriving at the microphone. This results in destructive interference, which cancels out the noise within the enclosed volume of the headphone.”*

Keeping noise low at the ear makes it possible to enjoy music without raising the volume unnecessarily. It can also help a passenger sleep in a noisy vehicle such as an airliner.

Retail noise canceling headphones typically only cancel the lower-frequency portions of the noise. They depend upon traditional noise suppression techniques (such as their earcups) to prevent higher-frequency noise from reaching the interior of the headphone. This traditional noise suppression technique has three benefits:

1. The demands on the electronic circuitry are vastly simplified.

2. Because of the shorter wavelength of the high-frequency sound, active cancellation is much less effective at higher frequencies. To truly cancel high frequency components (coming at the ear from all directions), the sensor and emitter for the cancelling waveform would have to be adjacent to the user’s eardrum, an impractical situation.

3. For the same reason (shorter wavelength), effective passive isolation becomes easier with rising frequency.”

Noise-Canceling headphones have several disadvantages that vary from vendor to vendor:

1. They consume power, usually supplied by a battery, that must occasionally be replaced or recharged.

2. They may not cancel all sound effectively. Some noise-canceling headphones can be overloaded by low-frequency pressure waves, distorting the desired signal. They work well for sounds that are continuous, such as a hum of a refrigerator, but are rather ineffective against speech or other rapidly changing audio signals.

3. They may introduce additional noise, usually in the form of high-frequency hiss.

4. They are generally more bulky than traditional headphones.

5. They may pick up and convert stray electromagnetic fields, such as a mobile phone signal, into unwanted noise.

6. When used by flight crews, noise canceling headphones can block out important noises such as alarms, abnormal engine noise, and other aircraft while on the ground. The FAA has issued a warning about the dangers of noise-canceling headsets.

A number of airlines in their business and first class cabins supply noise-canceling headphones (as mentioned above, this works very well with the “continuous hum” situation). In these cases, the headphones are about the same size as normal headphones. The actual electronics to take the sound from the microphone behind the headphone, invert it, and add it back into the audio signal is done in the plane handrest.

These systems often have a special channel allocated with no underlying audio signal, thereby only using the noise cancellation. This can make sleeping easier, as the noise is significantly quieter than with no headphones on at all.

We encourage you to visit our store for the finest selection of competatively priced, “Noise-Canceling” headsets available. Should you respectfully decline to do business with us, we, nevertheless, urge in the strongest fashion, you purchase a “Noise-Canceling” headset as and for your next entertainment accessory. You will be greatly impressed!

*Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a US-registered 501(c)(3) tax-deductible nonprofit charity

Autocross Buying Guide – Select the Right Car

In my experience, autocross can be a very fun and exciting sport. I have participated in several events in my local area. I found the hobby to be very addictive as well.

Out of all my other hobbies, I think this one is the best “bang for the buck” as far as thrills go with your car. Everybody can participate. Every car (some clubs have exceptions to this though like no SUV’s, no Trucks) can race. The nice thing about this kind of race is that you are competing against others in your class usually defined by the SCCA, however, you are on the course alone so there is minimal chance of hitting other cars.

The hardest part about autocross (aside from learning how to race) in my opinion is finding the right car. Sure, you can use a daily driver, but that is not recommended if you are going to participate in several events a year. Autocross can create wear on the tires and other components very quickly and can get expensive very fast. I would recommend to get a vehicle that you can use for autocross. This can be a “trailer car” or a car that you can still drive on the road, but use only for this hobby.

There are 4 key components to consider when selecting a car for autocross:

1) What type of car to get

2) The Price of the car

3) The overall condition of the vehicle (if used)

4) Aftermarket upgrades/modifications

WHAT TYPE OF CAR TO GET FOR AUTOCROSS:

For autocross racing, some people would assume that the car has to be very powerful, small, 2 doors and modified. This is not entirely accurate. While that type of car would be nice, it is not required to be competitive in autocross.

Remember that most autocross events and clubs have the cars grouped in to some sort of class. The club I participate with follow the SCCA Class guidelines. The classes help group the cars so the same “level” of vehicles can remain competitive within each class.

This is done to avoid the “biggest and fastest is best” state of thought. It would be unfair to put a heavily modified Porsche GT3 up against a stock Ford Focus. This is why they do that.

So, to pick the right car for autocross, you would probably want a coupe or convertible FIRST if possible. Sedans can work well too, but some sedans are not geared for modifications, although, the sport sedans of today are really starting to take over.

Manual transmission would be recommended, however, if you have an automatic that is OK too. You may want to consider trading it for a manual in the future to remain competitive. Again, there are still “sport shift” type automatics out there that are getting better and better each day.

Ideally, you would also want a rear-wheel drive car for autocross. RWD cars typically provide better control and handling in most cases. I know some enthusiasts out there will disagree with me, but that’s OK. On the other hand, I have used several front-wheel drive cars that run with the best of them.

PRICE:

The price of buying a car for autocross is always the factor for me. I, like many others, cannot afford an expensive vehicle for autocross. There are, however, those that can afford it and price is still something for them to consider.

The $0-$5000 range:

This is the range most of us beginners want to start. Of course, free is GOOD, but consider the 3rd component (overall condition) when this option comes to mind. Several cars that can perform well and have a lot of upgradable options are the following:

1989-1997 Mazda Miata – Very nice power to weight ratio. It is VERY popular at autocross. 1979-1991 Mazda RX7 – Fast small car, handles well. Many upgrades available. 1989-1998 Nissan 240sx – Several aftermarket upgrades, handles very well. 1990-1999 BMW 3 Series – Very versatile car. You can find very nice models in this range now. 1988-2000 Honda Civic/CRX – I have seen several models compete well in autocross. 1984-1999 Toyota MR2 – Low center of gravity, great performance, mid engine. 1990-1999 Mitsubishi Eclipse/Eagle Talon – Many upgrades, some models Turbo AWD. 2000-2007 Ford Focus – Very competitive cars. SVT models available in price range. 1997-2003 VW Golf – Hatchbacks always like autocross. VR6 models available in range. 1990-1999 Acura Integra – Like the Civic, very competitive with many upgrades out there.

There may be a few more cars that I missed that fall under this price range. The method I use to hunt for cars can vary depending on the type I am looking for. I will use local classified ads, Craigslist. I will also use the bigger car searches and expand my general “hunting” area. I have successfully found great cars using VEHIX, AutoTrader as well as Government Auction Sites.

But what about the autocross cars above the $5000 range? Well, I am glad you are think that because I am about to list them below.

If you have some money to work with and want to get something newer, you can consider the following cars:

The $5,001-$20,000 range:

This range can include newer cars as well as pre-owned cars that are no more than a few years old. Remember, cars usually depreciate very fast, so as the years go by, some of the newer cars can be within reach for less money and are great for autocross. The cars below come to mind in this range:

1998-Current Mazda MX-5 – Still same basic car, but more power as they got newer. 2003-Current VW Golf – Even more modified than the previous versions, compete well. 1992-1997 Mazda RX7 – 3rd Gen is twin-turbo and can compete in autocross. 1992-2006 BMW M3 – M3’s are designed for racing. Some newer models will fall in this range. 1998-2003 BMW M5 – M5’s are very powerful and compete in their class well. 1994-Current Ford Mustang/Cobra – Very versatile car. Competes well in class. 1994-2002 Camaro/Firebird – Competes well in class. Many autocross upgrades. 2007-Current Mazda Mazdaspeed3 – Turbo, hatchback, competes well in autocross. 2003-2008 Nissan 350z – Great autocross car, very popular on the track. Special Autocross Kit cars such as the V6 Stalker fall in this range as well.

Now, this price range can vary in vehicles. A lot of these cars are still new and may require loans to purchase them.

The $20,001 spectrum will consist of some of the current-day models as well as the obvious “super cars” we all respect such as the Corvette, Viper, Porsche, Ferrari, Lotus and others. I will not include a list for those because if you are buying one of those for an autocross car, you did your research.

OVERALL CONDITION OF THE VEHICLE (USED):

When buying a second car for autocross, treat it like when you are buying your daily driver car. You want the car to be relatively free of major problems. Autocross racing can put stress on the car’s frame, the suspension, the brakes, the tire and the overall body of the car.

You want to be sure that the car has not been in any major accidents. Frame repair or frame damage can be very dangerous mixture when you autocross. That is the MOST important thing to check for when buying a car for autocross. I have experienced and used the service by Experian called AutoCheck. They offer an unlimited number of VIN checks for one of their service options and the price is way better than the other services out there. I have used it when shopping and comes in very handy when you are checking the history of a vehicle.

The next important item to check on the car is major component problems such as smoke coming out of the back of the exhaust, major oil leaks (small leaks are expected on most used cars) slight/major overheating of the engine. Autocross is outside and you push the car to the limit. You want the major components to be in the best shape they can be. The mentioned problems can leave you stranded at the track if you do not look out for them.

I usually have some expectation to do minor repair or preventive repairs on my vehicles when I am buying to autocross them. As I stated above, small oil/fluid leaks are “OK” and can usually be fixed very easily. Small leaks tell us that the car is just used and may not be suffering from the leak as a result. Large/major leaks tell us the car may have been neglected by the previous owner and may carry residual problems unseen at the moment. When looking at a car, start it up, drive it around with the A/C engaged (even if it doesn’t work). When you are finished with the test drive, leave it idling while you walk around the car continuing to inspect it. If the car has an overheating problem, often this is the time it will show. This tip has helped me avoid several beautiful autocross cars that had an overheating problem.

Belts and hoses are my most frequent “preventive” repair I do, even if they are not a problem. It is always best to know when an important component has been replaced rather than to “guess” and trust the previous owner. Water pumps, too, fall in this category sometimes.

One thing people always check when buying a used car are the tires. Yes, this is important for an autocross car, but not to see how “good” the tires are, but to see if the car needs an alignment. Autocross is about handling and you need to be sure the car’s stock “handling” ability is where it should be.

Why not worry about the tires? Well, tires should be one thing to consider buying for your autocross car to begin with, so the existing tires should be removed anyway. Tires are probably the most bought wear item an autocross member will buy. A lot of autocross racers will bring a set of tires for racing, one for driving home (those who do not use a trailer) and some will even bring spares for the racing tires. This is so common that Tire Rack offers tires just for autocross. I have used them and they are the best place to get tires for this.

AFTERMARKET MODIFICATIONS FOR AUTOCROSS:

If you ever look into the aftermarket world of the auto industry, you know that there are literally thousands of places to look and buy. I will list a few spots that most people do not think to look, but surprisingly have things for the autocross fans.

First and foremost, autocross cars do NOT always need major upgrades to be competitive. A driver can use a stock vehicle and compete against fellow stock vehicles and remain competitive. Once you start to modify or upgrade heavily, you may start to move into different classes and compete with other cars that are equally modified. Keep that in mind when you want to change something.

Usually, I say modify the easy things first: Intake, exhaust and general tune ups. Most autocross drivers do not go far from that. These should be the first things you try to upgrade while you participate in autocross to get the most performance out of your vehicle.

If you decide to go further to be more competitive, my next recommendation would be suspension and body roll modifications. Please remember, certain upgrades in this area may change your class. Be sure to check your club or groups rules with these modifications.

Usually, the fastest upgrade to an autocross car would be front and rear strut tower bars/braces. They are usually inexpensive to buy and easy to install. They are also very modular meaning that when you buy these, they will work with other suspension components in place (usually). This modification helps stiffen the car’s suspension and frame and helps with cornering.

The next modification recommendation would then be the front and rear sway bars and links. These parts also help the body roll while cornering and handling and can sometimes be modular to the suspension system as a whole.

The final suspension upgrade is usually the most expensive: The struts (shocks/springs). This upgrade usually works well with the above items, but ads more stiffness, more response to the handling and sometimes lower the car overall for a lower center of gravity.

Once you have modified the entire suspension, my next recommendation would be to upgrade the brakes (at least the pads). This will help your stopping ability for those moments where a tap of the brake is needed during a lap. Please keep in mind that high performance brake pads usually wear much quicker than OEM.

One of the last things I recommend to upgrade is the tires. Now, I’m not saying that you should not FIRST buy new tires when you autocross, but I am saying not to UPGRADE them to an autocross/race tire just yet. Most autocross enthusiasts will tell you to get used to the stock/regular tires on your car first.

Once you get used to stock type tires, modifying them to a race tire or softer tire will actually improve your lap times (that’s the theory anyway).

One last note. I recommend replacing the fluids in your car with as many synthetics as you can. Synthetic fluids have higher heat resistance and can take the intense moments you will be putting on the car during the autocross laps.

What Is Car Body Glass Coating?

Glass coating is an inorganic material made of a Silica or a Quartz-Silane-based compound. It is used to protect the painted surfaces of car bodies. It is less likely to stain. Unlike traditional wax, its luster and protection can be long-lasting once it is applied. This is because they do not contain materials that oxidize (bind with oxygen). Oxidation weakens the original protection and shine of many car products, thus rendering the car surface prone to damage. It is easy to maintain, provides clean, shiny surfaces and long-lasting protection.

What is the difference between coating and wax?

The main component of wax is carnauba wax oil, which is extracted from palm trees. In recent years, some waxes have added petroleum. Higher quality waxes contain more carnauba oil. Carnauba wax is oil based, so it has water-repellent characteristics and can obscure scratches. However, there are also disadvantages. Waxes can easily become dirty because oil has a high viscosity (thick and sticky). This means dirt can stick to it. Also, wax can easily melt and deteriorate because it is sensitive to heat. Sunshine or engine heat can promote deterioration and cause wax to melt off the car’s surface. Wax can also break down in the rain or when the car is washed.

On the other hand, coating has a chemical composition of silicon, silica, fluorine and titanium. These molecules form a film coating that penetrates between the molecules of the car’s painted surface, creating a very powerful protective layer. Resistant to dirt, heat and rain, coating’s protection and shine will last over a longer period than wax.

There are various kinds of coatings that range in application complexity from simple, which any consumer can apply, to products for professional use only.

During its application, if the car’s surface is dirty and rough, materials will not adhere to car body paint, so surface preparation before application is important.

Types of Glass Coatings

Glass-based coatings can be broadly divided into two categories: quartz-silane based coatings and silica-based coatings.

The quartz-silane-based glass coating, also known as “completely cured glass film type” achieves very high gloss and strong durability. It protects the car body by creating a cured coating of silica on the car’s surface. However, it takes about three weeks for the coating to be fully cured, which is a drawback. It is also expensive because it takes a long time for the product to be formulated.

The silica-based glass coating, also known as “glass fiber type “, also makes a film, coating the surface of the car body. It is fixed to a silicon polymer molecule. It is an easy formulation and, therefore, is costs less to produce. However, its durability and water repellency is inferior compared to the quartz-silane-based.

In addition, some of the fluorine-based coatings, such as Teflon, are used to coat car bodies. They are excellent in durability. However, they are inferior compared to glass coatings and more expensive to formulate. As a result, glass coatings are on the cutting edge of technology’s focus of exploration.

A Glass Coating Hybrid

Currently, there is debate about whether hydrophilic (attracts water) products are more effective than hydrophobic (repels water) products for car care. Glass is hydrophilic. The new types of glass coatings are hybrids, adding a silicone resin layer to the existing glass layer to change the hydrophilic trait of glass to hydrophobic, thus creating a strong water repellant product.

The History of the AAA Battery

The AAA battery is a small device capable of storing chemical energy. The modern AAA battery can actually trace its history very far back in history. At some point between 640 BC and 250 BC, the very first known battery was created. These early batteries are known as “Baghdad Batteries” and we still know very little about them and why they were constructed. The Baghdad Batteries are tall terracotta jars equipped with a copper cylinder formed by a rolled-up copper sheet. Inside the copper, you will find an iron rod that is isolated by plugs or stoppers made from asphalt. If the jar is filled with liquid, the metal will be completely surrounded by fluid, and some historians believe that grape juice, lemon juice, vinegar or similarly acid solutions were used to start off an electrochemical reaction in the jars.

To put it simple: a battery consists of one or several voltaic cells. Chemical energy is transformed into electrical energy via chemical reactions that serve to transfer charge between the electrode and the electrolyte in the battery. This type of reaction is formally known as a “faradaic reaction”, and is what makes current flow through the battery cells.

A majority of the voltaic cells used in commonly available AAA batteries are 1.5 volt voltaic cells. Cells containing lithium will however sometimes give off 3 volts or even more since their chemistry is very different. Single-cell, rechargeable alkaline AAA batteries can be rated even lower than 1.5 volt; around 1.2 volt. Transistor-Transistor Logic (TTL) are 12 volt units, and automobile electrical systems use 12 volts.

The modern development that eventually led to the construction of the AAA battery did commence much later than 640 BC. In 1745, Ewald Jürgen Georg von Kleist constructed a form of capacitor that became known as “the Leyden jar”. In 1748, Benjamin Franklin devoted himself to the study of electricity and began to use the term “battery” for electronic storage devices. In 1786, Luigi Galvani discovered how to construct a galvanic cell when he was researching the biological effects of electricity. The galvanic cell was capable of producing an electric current much greater than the currents produced by the earlier chemical devices. The galvanic cell did however produce the electricity at a lower voltage. The first galvanic cell consisted of two different metals. The metal pieces were in contact with each other while simultaneously having their other ends exposed to salty water. Today, galvanic cells are also know as voltaic cells and electrochemical cells.

In 1800, Italian physicist Alessandro Volta constructed the Voltaic pile. Volta understood how metal and chemicals can produce electrical current when they come in contact with each other. He used copper and zinc discs (sometimes silver and zinc discs) and separated them by cloth soaked in salt water. In 1801, Alessandro Volta showed his discovery to Napoleon Bonaparte and was later ennobled for his extensive research within the electric field. Another important experiment that took place in the year of 1800 was carried out by William Nicholson and Anthony Carlisle. Nicholson and Carlisle managed to show how a battery could be used to break up water into hydrogen and oxygen.

The Advantages of Automatic Gates

Nowadays, safety and comfort go hand in hand, and securing the premises of your home is now affordable, convenient and practical. If in the past driveway gates or any type of electric gates were only for the rich and famous, now they are within reach for all budgets. There are numerous options available on the market, all sorts of automatic gate systems to meet all preferences, styles and requirements.

Whether they are for residential or commercial use, automation provides great advantages and increases the comfort level significantly. Either wooden, steel, wrought iron or from other materials, automatic doors provide increased security and convenience. They come with all sorts of gadgets and accessories, such as control kits, gate openers, remote controls, sensors etc., and they look great too.

There is a wide selection available on the market, from basic fence gates to gigantic commercial gates employing sophisticated mechanisms. Generally, the decision is based on the estimated frequency of use of the automatic gate, but also on the budget. But although gates may require a considerable investment, when it comes security and comfort it is worth it.

An automatic gate can provide numerous advantages. They are practical and convenient, easy to use and very efficient. Securing the parameters with sturdy automatic gates has become extremely common, as more and more people opt for this convenient solution. Basically, everywhere you look you see automatic gates, whether it’s somebody’s home, a fancy mall or an office building. Perimeter access control is affordable to all budgets.

So why opt for an automatic gate? Because it is easy to install, easy to use, affordable, convenient and will significantly increase the security level. With automated systems, only authorized persons have access, otherwise the sturdy fencing gate will not move and inch. With an automatic gate opener, however, you can open the gates as soon as you enter the driveway, straight from your car, just push the button and the gates will open and close obediently. Still, some types of automatic gates, especially older models, can be very dangerous. Without sensing devices or reversing mechanisms, such gates can turn into real death traps if they get defected, so be careful what you choose. Gates should have at least two safety mechanisms to prevent entrapment, one internal and one external. Such safety mechanisms are designed to reverse the opening/closing process if the gate encounters an obstruction, so the risks of someone becoming entrapped in the gate are reduced. You can find a wide variety of automatic gate types in home centers or hardware stores, but you may get a better deal online. Choose the type of gate you prefer, but pay extra attention to safety measures.

Auto Body Dent Repair – Developing A Repair Plan

Developing A Repair Plan

In this article we are going to review how to remove a dent from an automotive part. We’ve determined that the panel is mild steel and repairing the damage would be a better choice than to replace the panel. Now we need to develop a repair plan and decide which repair method to use on the damage.

First In Last Out

The first thing that you want to determine is the direction of damage. This is important so you can reverse the damage during repairs. In collision repair we have a general rule “the first in last out rule.” This means that the direct damage or point on impact is the area first hit in an accident, which makes it the first in. Therefore, this should be that last area to repair. Direct damage is the most obvious damage as it is easy to visually see. If you try to pull the direct damage first, you will stretch the metal, pull highs in the metal, and still have lows. You are basically going to chase your damage around while work hardening the metal until the metal become to work hardened, brittle and cracks.

Direct and Indirect Damage

Indirect damage is the damage that is caused by the direct damage. For example, as the point of impact is pushed in, it causes the surrounding metal to slightly move as well. If pushed far enough, the indirect damage can cause misaligned body gaps, cracked seam sealer, and/or popped spot welds. The indirect damage is less noticeable as it may not be visually noticeably without close observation. The indirect damage is the damage the happened last during the accident, therefore, this damage should be repair first. Always remember the “first in last out “rule when developing a repair plan. This will save you hours of time and frustration when it is all done.

Choosing a Repair Method

Once the damage is analyzed and you have determined the direction of damage, and the direct and indirect damage. Now it is time to decide which repair method is the best choice for the repair. If you can get to both sides of the panel a hammer and dolly method may be the easiest repair method. If you can not gain access to both sides of the panel a stud-nail gun may be a better choice. Other considerations, such as corrosion protection and noise preventions should be considered as well. This will be covered at a later time.

Don’t Force The Metal, But Rather Roll The Metal Back To Its Shape

Regardless of the repair method, the same principle apply. Start with the indirect damage and pull out on the lows and push in on the highs. You should roll the metal back into shape, rather than try to force it back into shape. Forcing the metal back into its shape may result in highs and stretched metal. condition. Pulling on the lows while rolling the highs out of the metal is the key to metal straightening, regardless of repair method used.

Secrets to Getting Very Discounted Theater Tickets in New York City

There are SO many hidden ways to obtain cheap, discounted and even free tickets to Broadway, off-Broadway and off-off Broadway in New York City … some as low as $ 4.00! I've lived in New York for all my life and can share these secrets first hand! Here are my picks for just some of the ways to score discount Broadway theater tickets. Why pay more?

Automobile Club of America
Show your card and receive discount Broadway theater tickets to Murdered by the Mob, any show at the New Victory Theater (fantastic children's shows), The Lion King (my fav), Mary Poppins, Radio City Christmas Spectacular, and several others.

Broadway Box
This is an excellent resource for obtaining discount codes for discount Broadway theater tickets and off-Broadway show tickets.

Costco
The store that invented the 100 pack of toilet paper, also brings you discounts of up to 50% off of concerts, theater, and sporting events. If you are a member, log on with the link above, and click on Services, followed by Event Tickets. Who knew? Discount Broadway theater tickets at Costco!

Entertainment Book
Use tickets from the Entertainment book, to get one ticket absolutely free, when you purchase tickets to any show at the Abingdon Theatre, the Women's Project, or the American Theatre of Actors.

Goldstar
A free membership gives you access to a host of discount Broadway theater tickets …. and other fantastic outings! Amazing site!

Hospital Audiences
Provides very low-cost and discount Broadway show tickets for those that require physical accessibility, people with all disabilities, and the 'On the Go' senior guide provides information on senior discounts. You'll also find helpful information including locations of passenger loading zones, theaters that offer wheelchair seating, accessible toilets, transportation for people with disabilities in specially- designed Omni buses, and more.

High 5 Tix
Teens can get $ 5 tickets to a whole slew of theaters, museums, and concerts. One adult or friend can accompany each teen for the same $ 5! Given that it $ costs 20 to simply walk into the Museum of Modern Art (can you believe it ?!), this is a real find! Also, Blue Man Tubes is featured for 1 cent several times a year! (No it's not a typo!) Check their site often as popular shows and events sell out very quickly. This is a great source for students looking for discount Broadway theater tickets plus!

Hip Tix
Young professionals, ages 18 – 35, can $ obtain 20 advance tickets to any shows at the Roundabout Theater Company. Membership, which is free, also includes invitations to post-show parties with Broadway stars!

Hit Show Club
Discount Broadway theater tickets (and off Broadway too!), Some with restaurants also!

Kids' Night Out on Broadway
Young people, ages 6-18, can see a participating Broadway show for FREE when accompanied by a full-paying adult !! Kids' Night on Broadway is now year-round and takes place on selected Tuesdays and Wednesdays throughout the year. Also, participating restaurants will offer a free entrée for each child accompanied by an adult who purchases a regularly-priced entrée. This is a fantastic opportunity to expose your children to Broadway. Your kids will also benefit by seeing so many other kids enjoying the arts!

Lunch Tix
Receive a daily e-mail reflecting deep "theatre doorbuster" discounts. Offers available at 8am through 3pm that day (at the end of lunch).

New York Show Tickets
A ticket clearinghouse that offers 45% discounts, buy-one, get- one-free deals, and rush tickets.

School Theater Ticket Program
You can access their website to order discount broadway show tickets. Or, you pick up their coupons in libraries and schools and bring to theater box offices or call the box office to obtain your tickets. You'll find discounts to most of the top run Broadway and off-Broadway shows.

Stubdog
Get half price tickets to theater, music, sports, comedy, family and other events. Just register your e-mail and you'll receive notices of available events including many discount broadway theater tickets.

Playbill
You'll find discount Broadway show tickets and off Broadway show tickets for a large variety of productions. Super choices!

Play-by-Play
Pay $ 99 per year and receive access to a daily roster of complimentary shows, sporting events, comedy clubs, concerts, lectures, dance recitals and more. Pay $ 4.00 service charge per ticket. The annual fee pays for itself with the first use. This is my favorite club. Last year we attended many basketball games, the circus, a comedy club, a cabaret performance, and several Broadway and off-Broadway shows. Even if you are visiting for one week, it pays to join. Check daily and continually; but usually after 1:00 pm. If you find what you want, buy it immediately because events can sell out within minutes. You will have a wider selection of off-Broadway theater for most of the time, but items pop up all the time!

SCORE BIG!
A new way to save 10-70% off great tickets to the best sports, concert and theater events and more. As a member, you have access to thousands of live events, always pay below retail for every ticket and never pay any fees. Become a member today … FREE!

TDF Vouchers
Buy four vouchers for $ 36 and gain access to a list of off-off Broadway plays, and music and dance events featuring emerging talent.

Theater Development Fund
Pay a $ 30 annual fee and log on to a vast array of great Broadway, off-Broadway, off-off-Broadway, concerts, dance recitals, etc. The Catch? You must be a full-time student, full-time teacher, union member, retiree, civil service employee, staff member of a not-for-profit organization, performing arts professional, or a member of the armed forces or clergy. Broadway shows are about $ 30, depending on the show and there is usually a good selection. This is well worth the investment. I've been a member for years and have seen a lot of top hits with this discount group.

Theater Mania
Get great discount codes that you can redeem when buying theater tickets at the theater, online, or via telephone.

Ticketmaster
You can use Ticketmaster to purchase theater tickets to just about any show, but in particular, when you have obtained coupons for discounts. I prefer to go to the box offer to avoid the fees, but, sometimes you have no choice. You can also use your membership card to obtain a discount through Ticketmaster!

TKTS Discount Booth
The Theater Development Fund offers 3 discount ticket booths for day-of-performance tickets only. You'll save from 20-50% on each ticket; usually 50%. You'll find a huge selection of discount Broadway theater (and off-Broadway) tickets at these booths. Get to the booths early. The lines are long but they move very quickly. And … I've met some really nice people on these lines!

Theater Extras
Pay a $ 99 annual fee and receive access to a huge array of complimentary performances including Broadway, off-Broadway, museums, comedy clubs, music, sporting events, etc. Pay a $ 4 service charge per ticket. This group offers a wide variety of off Broadway, sometimes Broadway, comedy, sports, similar to Play-by-Play. However, it does offer items above and beyond Play-by-Play such as gourmet and wine events, Met's baseball tickets and more. Certainly well worth the price.

Travel Zoo
You might wonder why I've included this site. No, it's not a mistake! I encourage you to check out this site by clicking the link above, and then clicking on 'Entertainment Deals,' and finally on 'New York City.' You'll be able to choose from a host of great discount Broadway theater ticket offers!