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Enduro Racing Tips – 3 Things To Look At When Choosing Your Racer

The first thing you need to know are the rules of the particular enduro event you are going to enter. Here in the Central Vermont area you will find two types of enduros.

8 Cylinder enduro races are as rare as the “old boats” you would want to run in one. My old 1979 Ford Thunderbird was one of the best cars I have ever driven in a race.

The 4 and 6 Cylinder enduros are more common. Little cars can be found all over. I drove a 1997 Ford Escort Wagon last year.

The 3 things you must look at when choosing your enduro car.

1) Price. You don’t want to spend a lot. The car more than likely will be heavily damaged over the 200 laps of a typical enduro. I paid $50 for that little Escort wagon.

2) Solid Car. Not only do you not want to spend a lot on a car you know is going to get wrecked, you want to find the most solid car for your money. Driving a rusted junk in an enduro race is begging for disaster. I will use an example from one of my earlier races…

It’s 1994 and I’m driving a 1979 Buick LeSabre in the annual Enduro 200 at Thunder Road. It’s only about 100 laps into it and I get caught in a big pile-up. Some yahoo that was looking somewhere else plowed into my car and my trunk lid popped open.

Once the wreck got sorted out and the survivors got rolling again, I noticed that I was being black flagged.

“Why the heck are they black flagging me for? A popped up trunk lid should not be a problem in an enduro, right?”

I chose to ignore the black flag for a couple of laps. The flagmen got pretty frantic and were leaning out over the cars trying to get my attention.

” They really want me to pit. I better go get that trunk lid strapped down”.

When I pulled into the pits, my crew guys told me to shut the car down.

“What? Strap that lid down and let me get back out there’.

“There’s nothing to strap it to!”

My car had completely disintegrated from the rear wheel wells back. One frame rail was bent 90 degrees and sticking out straight.

The gas tank had been dragging on the track. That’s why those flagmen had been so frantic.

The moral of the story. Please choose a solid car for your enduro racer.

3) How much will you have to invest to get your racer race ready? If you’re starting from scratch, it’s going to cost you about $500 to turn a street car into an enduro racer. That’s materials. If you’re paying someone to work on your racer, plan on a lot more.

How well does the car run? Choose a car that runs well and will take very little mechanical work to get race ready.

Enduro racing can be a lot of fun if you build a strong car that can survive the chaos of this type of racing. To build a strong car, you have to start with one and that’s what this article was all about.

Tremec TKO Transmissions Part 1 – TKO-500 and TKO-600 Features and Background

Tremec is an OE transmission supplier that manufactures manual transmissions for Ford, General Motors, Chrysler, Aston Martin, TVR, and many different medium and heavy duty truck applications. Their TKO is a high strength 5-speed overdrive manual transmission that was originally designed to be retrofitted into Mustang Fox body cars to replace the weaker T5, but will also bolt up to the standard Ford four speed passenger car bellhousing. When Tremec realized that enthusiasts were adapting it for GM applications, they decided to make it a little easier for folks (and capitalize on a huge opportunity, too) by producing a GM version of the TKO.

The GM version will bolt directly up to almost any standard Chevrolet/Buick/Olds/Pontiac passenger car four-speed bellhousing. Though only Ford and GM versions of the TKO are available, Mopar enthusiasts can get all the custom parts they need to adapt a Ford version TKO to virtually any Mopar V8 engine. The TKO has never been OE equipment in any production car, although its great-grandpa, the Tremec TR-3550 was in a limited-production Ford Mustang Cobra in the mid 1990s. The TKO is purely an aftermarket transmission designed for high-performance cars.

There are three basic models available, the TKO-500 and two variations of the TKO-600. The wide-ratio TKO-500 is rated for a continuous 500 lb.-ft. of torque, and offers a deep 3.27:1 first gear ratio and a 0.68:1 overdrive ratio in fifth gear. The close-ratio TKO-600 is rated for a continuous 600 lb.-ft. of torque, and has a 2.87:1 first gear and either a 0.82:1 overdrive or a 0.64:1 overdrive ratio in fifth gear. The rated torque capacities are said to be quite conservative, as there are a significant number of cars in the field with engines that exceed the torque rating by a large margin, and failures are rare.

The TKO uses a three-rail internal shift mechanism, eliminating any external linkage and the problems that go with it. The short throw billet aluminum shifter can be removed, flipped 180 degrees, and then reinstalled to provide an additional shift position. Optional custom shifters are available in several different configurations to mimic the shift positions in various musclecars. The TKO utilizes cast iron shift forks, a one-piece counter shaft, and tapered roller bearings on the input, output, and counter shafts for added strength.

Every TKO transmission provides both mechanical and electronic speedometer outputs. The mechanical output is a Ford design, but you can get hybrid speedometer cables for GM or Mopar applications. They also feature a reverse light switch and a neutral safety switch that can be wired into your vehicle’s existing harness. The transmission has an internal reverse lockout feature that prevents you from accidentally going from fifth gear into reverse. You have to go into the center of the “Neutral” gate before it will allow you to shift into reverse.

The Tremec TKO is an excellent choice for the musclecar or street rod owner that enjoys rowing his own gears and wants to drive his car to distant car shows or other events. I have one in my 1967 Pontiac Firebird and have driven a number of other cars with TKO transmissions installed. The overdrive makes a huge difference on the highway, and there aren’t many other transmission choices out there with overdrive that will stand up to the kind of power that the TKO can take. None of the other overdrive transmissions available at this time offer as much versatility as the Tremec TKO.

Insurance Agents Name Choices – Insurance Specialist, Financial Planner, or Life Advisor?

Are you one of the plain insurance agents? Agents often prefer to upgrade their title as an insurance specialist or financial advisor on their business card. Names like life advisor reflect positive experience and knowledge. Which of these different terms distinguishes you from being just one of the insurance agents? Here are 101 top choices to pick from.

There is a lot more to a name then may realize. Calling yourself an agent or sales agent makes you sound run of the mill. It also projects the sound of a salesman trying to sell you something. Few people enjoy feeling a person is selling them anything, it stinks of pressure. This is why in this list of different terms you will see how high words like specialist, expert, and professional rank. The prospect gets a completely new perspective, just by the title you give yourself! Prospects closely take notice when an agent jointly works with them in reaching a decision on what is the best plan of action. Prospective clients want to feel like they are part of the decision process.

Important internet search tip: to get an accurate count use quote marks around your term, “insurance specialist” will only give you that term in that exact order. Without the quotes you would also get all instances of people searching terms such as specialist insurance, specialist in writing insurance claims, specialist in automobile insurance sales, etc.

To give this article value, in front of each of the insurance agents distinctions is the number of current Google listings. This way you can easily see how often internet views “insurance agent ” look-up terms like specialist, planner, representative, and. advisor. Please remember the Google count figures often change daily.

1. 10,600,000 = financial advisor

2. 6,690,000 = insurance agent

3. 4,280,000 = financial planner

4. 2,120,000 = investment advisor

5. 1,780,000 = insurance agents brokers

6. 1,600,000 = investment adviser

7. 999,000 = insurance guide

8. 735,000 = insurance specialist

9. 638,000 = financial expert

10. 604,000 = financial professional

11. 590,000 = financial specialist

12. 513,000 = life pro

13. 433,000 = insurance professional

14. 431,000 = health insurance agent

15. 322,000 = insurance expert

16. 271,500 = insurance salesman

17. 269,000 = life professional

18. 268,000 = life insurance agent

19. 253,000 = insurance consultant

20. 252,000 = insurance advisor

21. 244,000 = insurance sales representative

22. 219,000 = insurance manager

23. 218,000 = estate advisor

24. 217,000 = insurance executive

25. 189,000 = estate planner

26. 186,000 = independent insurance sale

27. 179,000 = insurance sales agent

28. 155,000 = insurance seller

29. 130,000 = insurance producer

30. 126,000 = investment representative

29. 120,000 = insurance authority

30. 119,000 = insurance representative

31. 112,000 = life agent

32. 107,000 = life insurance specialist

32. 104,000 = life specialist

33. 102,000 = insurance adviser

34. 89,900 = insurance sales manager

35. 86,200 = licensed insurance agent

36. 85,200 = insurance manager

37. 71,000 = health agent

38. 66,600 = insurance pro

39. 65,100 = insurance sales rep

40. 60,000 = insurance designer

41. 59,400 = insurance sales person

42. 55,600 = life consultant

43. 54,500 = group agent

44. 52,200 = ins agent

45. 50,100 = estate adviser

46. 50,000 = insurance pros

47. 46,800 = insurance counselor

48. 43,800 = financial pro

49. 43,400 = insurance salesperson

50. 40,200 = insurance sales specialist

51. 37,700 = life producer

52. 37,000 = insurance sales executive

53. 35,400 = independent insurance brokers

54. 34,700 = long term care professional

55. 34,500 = financial planning advisor

56. 33,900 = medical insurance specialist

57. 31,300 = health insurance professional

58. 29,300 = life insurance expert

59. 29,000 = insurance rep

60. 28,900 = financial planning advisor

61. 27,500 = health insurance specialist

62. 26,000 = health insurance advisor

63. 25,500 = independent insurance professional

64. 24,700 = employee benefits specialist

65. 24,000 = life advisor

66. 22,900 = life insurance advisor

67. 21,800 = life insurance sales specialist

68. 19,900 = life insurance professional

69. 19,300 = insurance producer

70. 19,200 = licensed financial planner

71. 16,200 = health insurance producer

72. 14,900 = insurance sales consultant

73. 14,000 = term life insurance broker

74. 12,800 = long term care specialist

75. 12,700 = annuity specialist

76. 12,500 = estate planning specialist

77. 12,200 = insurance marketer

78. 11,950 = life insurance representative

79. 11,900 = insurance planner

80. 10,600 = insurance sales professional

81. 10,400 = life insurance advisor

82. 10,200 = insurance writer

83. 9,650 = insurance recruiter

84. 9,480 = financial planning advisor

85. 9,030 = estate planning advisor

86. 8,570 = annuity broker

87. 7,520 = insurance general manager

88. 7,070 = insurance trainee

89. 6,800 = long term care insurance specialist

90. 6,670 = term life insurance agent

91. 6,440 = long term care insurance agent

92. 5,870 = licensed life agent

93. 5,300 = financial insurance agent

94. 5,270 = annuity agent

95. 5,080 = ins professional

96. 5,030 = medical insurance professional

97. 5,010 = disability insurance agent

98. 4,990 = employee benefits professional

99. 4,430 = mortgage insurance agent

100. 4,200 = disability insurance specialist

101. 3,900 = long term care agent

For your own sake, never tell prospective clients that you are one of 1,500,000 insurance agents licensed to sell life, health, annuities, and financial policies. The term insurance specialist or insurance professional immediately makes your prospect more confident of your abilities. However, please do not use the overused and abused terms of financial planner or estate planner unless you actually are qualified to be one.

If case, you are interested, here are more titles with over 1,000 Google entry occurrences that did not make the top 101 list. They include group health professional, ins specialist, insurance marketing representative, health insurance adviser, ins representative, term life insurance specialist, mortgage life insurance agent, insurance marketing specialist, disability insurance broker, life ins agent, term life agent, senior market specialist, life investment adviser, MDRT insurance agent, and insurance saleswoman.

Should you want to get more attention on major search engines like Google, Yahoo, and Ask, here are some tips. On the front of your website entry page, use the title and first line to put a more descriptive term about the services you provide. Rather than announcing “insurance agent for many products”, try this, “medical insurance professional and disability insurance specialist.” Both these titles only have about 5,000 competing entries, which could include 3,500 to 4,000 weak ones each. Now it depends on following the advice given, and internet search engine skills you possess. An internet searcher might now find you in the top 100 listings for each of the terms! On an “insurance agent” search, with well over 6,000,000 listings, it might take a 24/7 week to find you listed toward the end of the heap.

Uninsured Auto Accident – Someone Hit Me and I Have No Insurance!

An uninsured auto accident can put in a very bad spot, even if you are not the person who caused the accident! If you are in California, the “don’t pay don’t play” law is in effect. If you do not carry liability

insurance, you cannot make a claim against the person that hit you. This includes bodily injury and property damage claims! You will be left at your own devices.

If you are not in California, then let me the first one to tell you: stop driving without insurance, go and get yourself a policy, please! You are increasing everyone’s premiums. However, this does not mean that insurance companies get a free pass. You need to learn how to protect yourself. You made a huge mistake, no question. Nevertheless, you need to learn how to protect yourself so you are not treated unfairly.

Insurance companies do not like people who do not have insurance (neither do judges, juries, lawyers, medical providers, nor the public in general). The insurance carrier will try to deny your claim and blame you for the accident. They will put “fault” on you! If the accident is clear (you were rear ended), then the insurance company will be more reasonable; however, if the persons that hit you denies or implies that they did not caused the accident, but you did. Then the insurance company has a duty (not optional) to believe their own client and send you a denial letter. Insurance companies are bound to believe their clients, so if the other driver does not admit fault, it will be up to you to fight back. Since you do not have insurance, you will have to learn the claim process and negotiate as if you were your own insurance adjuster. You need to be ready to settle your uninsured auto accident.

Remember that not having insurance does not mean you caused the accident. You need to separate the two issues and document your claim showing that you had no responsibility in the accident. The first step is to get a copy of the police report. You can go to the Police Records Office and request one. Some jurisdictions will give you a copy the same day. Some others will take up to two weeks. Once you get the police report, make sure you read it thoroughly. Make sure you ask the police records office for an overlay sheet or visit:http://www.auto-insurance-claim-advice.com/overlay-sheet.html to download one from your state.

You need to be looking at what contributory circumstances were attributed to you and the other driver. If there are no codes, or statements made by the officer citing you at fault, then you can point that out to the insurance company.

Read the police report and try to identify witnesses. You can contact them and see if they will be willing to give a statement. Many witnesses will help you if you were truly not at fault. Also look at the physical damages left on both vehicles. Is it even possible that the accident happened how the insurance company claims it did?

Write a letter to the insurance company and explain your position. How did the accident happen and what is your evidence. Give them a date line. If they do not answer, then proceed to file a small claims court

lawsuit. Most of the time, insurance companies will try to settle before you go to court. If they don’t want to settle, go in front of a judge and explain why you were not at fault. If your case is clear, then the insurance company must pay the judgment.

This is a difficult way to deal with your uninsured auto accident; it would be a lot easier if you had insurance in the first place. If you believe you are being “snowed” by the insurance company, consult with an attorney.

Plasma Arc Welding Vs Plasma Transferred Wire Arc Welding

Engine remanufacturing is a precise science involving a plethora of engineering variables. Technology has evolved as engines have become more advanced. In recent years fuel reduction efficiency and emissions control have changed the way diesel engines have been designed and thusly remanufactured. In many cases, older once less fuel efficient models, are now being upgraded to better operating functionality. Oftentimes the engine is more powerful than day it originally left the factory 20 years before.

Ford Motor Company recently implemented a state of the art remanufacturing technique aimed at giving a new lease of life to engines that otherwise would have been scrapped for cost. Traditionally when automotive engines fail they are simply removed from the frame and replaced because remanufacturing techniques can be cost prohibitive to the consumer in relation to simply replacing the engine. A crack in the engine block or cylinder head usually meant one of two repairs: cold plug and stitch welding or using an expensive and time consuming process called hot welding where the entire block is heated up to 1400 degrees Fahrenheit, doing the weld in the oven and then letting the entire block cool down evenly in a sand pit for 3-5 days. Hot welding is more effective than cold stitch welding as the entire metal surface is structurally exposed to the heat thus not prone to weakness around the repaired crack.

Ford’s new adopted process is called Plasma Transferred Wire Arc coating technology. Different than traditional plasma arc welding processes, the new technology applies a thermal spray on the inside of a cracked or distressed engine block which molecularly bonds to divots in the metal structure. The surface of the block or cylinder head is honed properly to correct OEM specifications within.001 of an inch.

How Plasma Transferred Wire Arc Welding Works

Typically, remanufacturing a block requires iron-cast parts, custom welding and an intricate machining processes. Plasma Transferred Wire Arc technology works by using a traditional coating wire which is exposed at high pressure from atomizing gas mixed with plasma gas surrounded by a cathode. The cathode heats up electronically via the arc of the wire and the combination of both gasses are expelled via a

nozzle and released by a particle jet stream evenly over the engine block surface.

Plasma Transferred Wire Arc (PTWA) differs from traditional plasma arc welding techniques which are known as Wire Arc Spray Welding (WASW). PTWA relies on just the one wire for the metallic substance (feedstock) where as WASW relies on two metal wires which are independently fed into the spray gun. The charged wires create an arc and the heat of the two wires are melted to form molten material which is air fed by a jet to fill the weld. With PTWA welding the molten particles are then instantly flattened due to their high kinetic energy, then solidify upon contact to form crystalline and amorphus phases. With PTWA technology the plasma gas usually contains a higher amount of nickel which produces a gel like substance that bonds tight with cast iron or aluminum. It is possible to produce multi-layer coatings with PTWA welding. Using a different substrate in the feedstock can produce a base layer of particles that are primed for a secondary “sealer” layer of particulate matter that bonds on top of the first weld. This secondary coating makes for a highly wear-resistant coating. PTWA is typically used in engine components such as blocks, connecting rods, cylinder heads or bushings. With Transferred Wire Arc Welding either wire metal alloys can be used in the feedstock or a powdered form of a metal alloy. The most common powdered alloy to use is Cobalt #6 with a supplement of Nickel for better bonding strength at the substrate. In recent years companies have chosen to opt more for powered feedstock as it is at times 50% cheaper than traditional wire alloys.

The plasma generator or gun head consists of a tungsten cathode, an air-cooled pilot nozzle made of copper, an electricity conductive consumable wire which is the know as the anode. The head is mounted on a rotating spindle, which rotates up to 600 rpm. The wire is fed perpendicularly to the center orfice of the nozzle. The plasma gas is introduced through tangenital boreholes situated in the cathode holder to ensure a vortex is created. The entire process from creation of the arc to the delivery of the weld into the substrate happens all within .00050 seconds.

Plasma Transferred Wire Arc Weld Vs. Traditional Plasma Arc Welding

The advantages of Plasma Transferred Wire Arc welding versus traditional plasma arc welding are as follows:

Plasma Transferred Wire Arc welding is a high automated process and can be reproduced and replicated in large scale production and manufacturing facilities. Software can scan and automatically repair cracks or weak areas in the cast iron or aluminum. Plasma Transfer Wire Arc welding is simply a more precise method of welding over plasma arc welding processes. PTWA welding allows for detailed feeding of the metallic powder to the feedstocks. This allows for less waste and as a result a substantial amount of metallic feedstock quantity is saved for further use. One of the biggest advantages of Plasma Transferred Wire Arc welding is the precise control over important welding parameters. With PTWA amperage, voltage, power feedstock rates, gas flow rates and heat input can be controlled with a high degree of replication and consistency from unit to unit in a manufacturing facility. By controlling the heat input the welding operation can guarantee weld dilutions can be controlled roughly 7% in the vast majority of instances.

In addition to cost savings PTWA simply produces a better weld than traditional welding or even traditional plasma arc welding. Plasma transferred Wire Arc welding creates deposits of a particular alloy that are harder and more resistant to corrosion than alloys used in Gas Tungsten Arc Welding or Oxy-Fuel Welding. With Plasma Transferred Wire Arc Welding, deposits made into the substrate are categorized as having very low levels of oxides, inclusions and discontinuities. PTWA welds are very smooth overall due to the fact that the weld bonds on a molecular level to that of only the substrate and not the cast iron surface.

This significantly reduces the amount of honing needed post weld. Lastly, the biggest advantage of Plasma Transferred Wire Arc welding over plasma arc welding is the flexibility it offers to weld very precise cracks. The limits can be attuned to provide plasma deposits from 1.0 mm to 2.6 mm or higher as needed. With Plasma Transferred Wire Arc welding these minute welds can be precisely deposited in a single pass given the torch strength and powder used.

How Plasma Arc Welding Works

All plasma arc welding’s advantages comes from the energy produced from the plasma jet. The thermal energy output of the plasma jet is interdependent on the electrical input produced by the cathode. A normal temperature from Plasma Transferred Wire Arc welding can be upwards of 14,500 °F – 45,000 °F versus a typical electrical welding arc temperature of roughly 11000 °F. It is a common misconception that plasma arc welding varies from traditional electric welding however all welding contains partially ionized plasmas; the difference between the two is that during plasma arc welding there is one constricted volume arc of plasma.

During Plasma Transferred Wire Arc welding, the plasma arc is created when the negatively charged electrode comes into contact with a positively charged piece of metal. In more simplistic terms the arc is transferred from the cathode to the piece of metal that is being worked on. The in transit arc contains high plasma jet velocity and high density.

The velocity and speed of the arc makes traditional plasma arc welding perfect for cutting and melting metal materials where an oxyacetylene torch fails. The velocity is created by interrupting the circuit with a restrictive resistor which only allows a current flow of about 60 amps. This disruption of the circuit creates the transferred arc between the nozzle of the spray gun and the electrode and the preliminary arc is established between the electrode and nozzle. Once the preliminary arc touches the surface of the metal that is being welded the current flows between the electrode and metal surface thus igniting the transferred arc which is mostly a flammable powder. The final stage of ignition happens when the preliminary arc initiating unit becomes disengaged from the metal being welded. The preliminary arc becomes extinguished once the transferred arc has engaged between the electrode and the metal job site. The most common metals that can be welded using Plasma Transferred Wire Arc welding are Aluminum, Copper, Copper Nickel, Inconel, Monel, Nickel, Precious Metal Groupings, Low Carbon Steel, Low Allow Steel, Medium and High Carbon, Stainless Steel, Alloy Steel, Titanium and Tungsten. The metals that are not recommended for Plasma Transferred Wire Arc welding include Bronze, Cast, Malleable, Nodular, Wrought Iron, Lead and Magnesium Alloys.

New Plasma Arc Welding Technologies

Other types of welding that are in development or are in use by the major auto manufacturers:

Rota Plasma: This plasma arc welding process was created by Sulzer Metco and consists of a rotating powder atmospheric plasma spray system. This technology is currently in use by Volkswagen.

Twin Arc Wire: This is the most common and cost effective use of plasma arc welding consisting of two rotating feedstock wires. This technology was developed by AMG Corporation and in use at Daimler AG.

High Velocity Oxygen Fuel: General Motors has developed a high velocity oxygen fuel welding systems which incorporates more oxygen into the plasma substrate. This system also uses the traditional single wire feedstock system.

Plasma Transferred Wire Arc was in invented in 2009 by Flame Spray Industries and further perfected by the Ford Motor Company. In fact Plasma Transferred Wire Arc Welding received the 2009 IPO National Inventor of the Year award. PTWA technology is currently in use by Nissan in the Nissan GTR, the Ford Mustang GT500 as well as Caterpillar in heavy duty engine remanufacturing.

Representatives at Ford have stated the technology delivers a 50% reduction in CO2 emissions when comparing the cost of producing a new engine. Using recycled materials requires less downtime for the customer and reduces manufacturing costs. It will be interesting to see how precise welding gets as technology continues to improve efficiency, durability while reducing costs in coming years.

Israel Driving Guide For Tourists

Are you planning to visit Jerusalem and seeking a good car rental Israel deal? What about your car hire Israel? Here is a useful Israel Driving Guide to help you drive safely in your car rental Israel all over the Holy Land.

International Driver’s License

Do you have an American, Canadian, and U.K. driver’s license? If so you do not an international driver’s license to drive in Israel. Well, on the other hand, it’s cheap and makes a nice souvenir of Jerusalem car rental trip. (Be sure to take pictures of your car rental Israel for you scrap book)

Israel Auto Club in Tel Aviv

Israel’s automobile club is called MEMSI… Even people living in Israel many years have no idea what MEMSI stands so don’t ask them out of courtesy… The MEMSI phone number is 03- 564-1121 and fax number is 03-566-0493. Their main office in Tel Aviv at 20 Rehov Ha-Rakevet. They are open:8:30am to 7pm, until 1pm on Friday; closed Saturday.

Israel Auto Club in Jerusalem

The Jerusalem office of MEMSI is at 31 Ben Yehuda St. (tel. 02-625-9711; fax 02-625-5994);

same office hours as Tel Aviv.

Israel Auto Club –

The Haifa office of MEMSI is at 31 Ben Yehuda St. (tel. 02-625-9711; fax 02-625-5994);

same office hours as Tel Aviv.

Importing Cars Versus Car Rental in Israel

In theory, you can bring your car to Israel for up to one year if you have a valid license and the car is licensed. The good news is there is no customs or deposit required. The bad news is the paper work, hassle and cost of sending it back home. In short, a car rental Jerusalem, car rental Tel Aviv or car rental Haifa is the way to go – less hassle and cost effective.

Israel Road Conditions

Israel is tough on cars and some older roads are narrow and full of curves. On the other hand, Israel now builds excellent highways and bridges. Jerusalem has lovely roads that are well maintained and other cities are improving road conditions. There are beautiful winding roads on the way down South to Eilat and up north to the Golan Heights.

Drivers Education in Israel

While some consider Israeli drivers overly aggressive on the road, others are polite and careful drivers. In recent years, Israel has initiated on-going driver education for young drivers and veteran drivers that teach defensive driving techniques.

Traffic Tickets in Israel

Watch your speed in Israel, there are street lights that record speeders, photograph your license plate and send you a ticket by mail. There are more speed traps than ever in Israel. Don’t ruin your vacation with an expensive ticket and having your driver’s license suspended – obey the speed and look out for tailgaters. We hope this Israel Driving Guide helps you enjoy your trip. See you in Israel.

How Does Windshield Repair Work? – Auto Glass Repairs Explained

Broken windshields can be a major pain. From chips and cracks to complete spiderwebs, damaged automotive glass is a serious issue no matter the extent of the problem. That’s because even tiny dings and splits in your windshield can grow into vision-obscuring messes. However, windshield replacement isn’t the only solution when you have damaged auto glass. Smaller flaws can actually be repaired invisibly to restore both strength and an unobstructed view to your windshield. Here’s how it works.

The first step to any windshield repair is an evaluation of the damage. The chip or crack should be examined for size and depth as well as location to determine whether it is a candidate for repair. Most flaws up to 6 inches long can be fixed with the typical resin auto glass repair. However, keep in mind that this type of solution only works when just the top layer of glass is fractured. Modern windshields are composed of two layers of glass with a rubber membrane laminated in between; the repair can only resolve issues with the first layer of glass, so if both layers are damaged, or you have a hole that goes all the way through, it’s time to start learning about windshield replacement, not repairs. Also, some cracks that are around the perimeter of the windscreen can be difficult or impossible to correct, so make sure that the damage is located in a repairable place.

Once you’ve determined that the window glass can be repaired, the fix itself is relatively easy. Taking approximately 30 minutes, windshield chip repair is both simple and affordable. Using a special, sunlight-cured resin, the auto glass shop technician will inject the epoxy directly into the chip or crack using specialized tools. This completely fills the damage and ensures a smooth finish. The resin dries completely clear, helping the repair blend in to the surrounding windshield and almost totally hiding where the problem was. Natural sunlight dries the windshield crack repair to a waterproof, strong state that reinforces the windscreen and dependably prevents the crack or chip from ever spreading. Windshield glass repair offers a reliable solution for both sturdiness and aesthetics.

Windshield repairs are also super convenient, as most auto glass shops can actually come to you. Because the resin cures in sunlight and the special tools used to apply it are quite portable, you won’t have to take your car or truck into the shop to have it fixed. Instead, technicians can be sent to you for mobile glass repair right in your driveway or even your workplace’s parking lot.

The best time to get a cracked windshield repaired is right now. Substantial research data shows that warm temperatures, cold temperatures, temperature shifts, and even rough road surfaces and speed bumps are all likely to exacerbate your car window glass’s damage. Remember, windshield crack repair only works for fissures up to 6 inches long, so if you put off calling the auto glass shop, the crack may grow to the point where windshield replacement is your only option. Save yourself the hassle and the money by bringing in an auto glass repair pro today to take a look. Providing structural support and practically invisible performance, resin car window repairs can help get your windshield back to first-class condition quickly and affordably.

Car Body Types Explained

Most of us don’t buy new cars all that often, so it’s no surprise that some people get confused over the descriptions of the various types of cars that are available on the market. Most of the terms used to describe a type of car refer to its body shape, rather than its performance, or other features. If you are thinking of buying a new car, then arm yourself with the facts before you hit the showrooms with this simple and easy to follow guide to the various types of cars and their body shapes.


A sedan, which is sometimes called a saloon, is the standard passenger car that has a bonnet at the front, a boot for luggage in the back, and usually four doors. This is one of the most popular types of car and they are ideal for families, as they usually seat four or five people comfortably.


Hatch-backs are the types of cars that have no rear boot, but they have a rear compartment that can be accessed via a door that swings open at the back. The other feature of this type of car is that rear luggage compartment is not sealed off from the passenger compartment. Hatch-backs are usually smaller cars and they often have only three doors, including the swing door at the back.


Estate cars, or wagons, are like a larger version of a hatchback with an extended rear compartment for storing luggage. Like a hatchback, this type of cars luggage area is not separated from the passenger compartment and, usually, the rear seats can be folded down to accommodate a greater amount of luggage when it is required. Due to the extended rear compartment, estate cars are normally quite long.


A coupe will be quite a small, two door car, and they are usually quite sporty in style too. They will normally only seat two people comfortably, but they might have two very small seats in the rear, but with very limited leg room.


Convertibles, sometimes called cabriolets, are the types of cars where the roof can be removed so that it can be driven with the roof open in the summer. They are usually a similar sized car to a coupe style car and they too generally have limited room inside and are not suitable for any more than two people. The roof is often made of soft fabric; hence the term soft top, but more expensive convertibles might have hard tops that are folded back by hydraulics.


The term M.P.V, or multi-purpose vehicle, is usually applied to vehicles that have large bodies, like a van, but it still has both rear and side doors. Examples of M.P.V’s are people carriers, minivans, and multi utility vehicles (M.U.V’s). They can often seat as many as seven people and they are also characterised by being higher off the ground than a saloon type of car.


Pickup trucks are the type of vehicle that has a flat-bed open space at the rear of the vehicle for carrying luggage and equipment. They are usually large vehicles, often 4×4, and they are designed to carry heavy loads, as well as people.


An off-road vehicle, such as a Land Rover, or a Jeep, will have been designed to be driven on the roads as well as off them. Typically, they will have a 4×4 drive, and the ability to be driven in very low gears, so that they can cope with muddy and difficult terrain.

Soundproofing Your Fence with Dr. Bob

So you have just purchased your home but when you first looked at it, you didn’t realize just how bad the traffic noise in the backyard really was. Now you are committed to a 30-year mortgage and asks “What can I do Dr. Bob? Well, I’m glad you asked.

You can construct a soundproof or a sound-control fence. Now will this fence block 100% of the traffic noise? I’m afraid not, but will it make your backyard life tolerable? You bet it will.

There are some things that you need to know about building an effect sound control fence that will make it more effective. First and foremost, you new sound control fence needs to be 8 ft above the noise source. Now you need to check with your city or township to see if they have height ordinances regarding fences. If they will only allow a 6′ high fence, you can always build an earthen berm to increase the height of the backyard where the fence will be erected.

Now lets talk about the fence itself. I recommend building a cedar or redwood slatted fence as high as possible, (8ft being the minimum height above the noise source). The term “Above the noise source” means simply this, if the noise is coming from an automobile muffler, then the fence technically needs to be 8′ above the cars tailpipe. This should be simple enough. If you fence isn’t exactly 8′ above the noise source will it not be effective? Of course it will, but at the 8′ level you will get the best sound blocking.

Let’s talk about constructing your fence. The new redwood or cedar fence will have at least 4″ X 4″ posts mounted in concrete footings and sunk at least 2 ft into the ground. You will want as stable a foundation as possible for your new sound control fence as you will be adding heavy sound blocking agents to it. Once the posts are set and the concrete has cured, you will then add the fence cross members. These are generally 2″ X 4″ beams that connect the posts together and offer extra support for the fence slats. Now once the fence framing is complete, you will then be ready for the soundproofing membrane to be installed. You will have already called the professionals at Soundproofing America and ordered a product called “mass loaded vinyl”. Mass loaded vinyl is a loaded vinyl soundproofing barrier that comes in rolls that are 35’x 4′ or 30′ x 4 ½’. Once you have your rolls of mass loaded vinyl and the acoustical caulk and tape that go with the MLV, you are ready to install the soundproof membrane for your new fence.

Your first step is to stretch the MLV along the frame of the fence, you want to make sure the that the MLV extends all the way down to the ground so that the sound does not leak though the bottom of your fence. Once the MLV is stretched across the fence frame, you will staple or nail the MLV to the frame. I recommend that you overlap the MLV by at least ½” and that you will liberally caulk between the overlap with acoustical caulk. You will also want to caulk the outer perimeter of the MLV membrane with the acoustical caulk. The next step is to tape the caulked Seams only with a PVC seam sealer tape along with the acoustical caulk.

As soon as the MLV membrane is secured to the fence framing and all the seams and perimeter have been caulked and taped, it is time to slat the fence. You will use 8′ dog eared slats and but the slats as close together as possible, it is also a good idea to caulk the seams of the slats themselves, but this is absolutely not essential.

I would also recommend slats to the other side of the fence in an effort to protect the MLV membrane from the elements. This is a common practice, but once again is not essentials for good sound blockage.

One final note, some of my customers use a combination of both mass loaded vinyl and America mat closed cell foam as the septum for their sound control fences. By adding the closed cell foam you are adding sound absorption to your fence as well as the best in sound blockage. If you use both of these weather proof products, you will want to leave at least a 1/8″ gap between the slats on the side of the fence that faces the noise source. In other words if you are using both America mat and MLV you will need to slat both sides of the fence and leave the gaps on the side facing the traffic for example. These septum fences work great for loud and obnoxious neighbors as well. I hope this give your new hope for having a nice quiet backyard.

This is Dr. Bob…..Out!!!!

Looking For A Debt Settlement With An Auto Title Loan

Debt settlement may seem like a solution to getting rid of your credit card, medical, or payday loan bills, but using this option for an auto title loan may make your circumstances worse. However, depending on your negotiating skills, bank balance, and willingness to pay, you may have a chance to settle with your auto title loan lender for as little as 25%-$75 of what you owe.

Debt settlement can work in two different ways: utilizing a debt settlement company or trying to settle the debt yourself. If you go through a debt settlement firm, you will give them all information regarding what you owe and to whom. You will make payment to the settlement company and in return they will put that money into a savings account. Once the balance in the account has reached a certain amount, the company will call your creditors to make an offer on settling your debt. It may be a flat fee or a percentage of what you owe. Once determined, the debt settlement company will pay your creditor.

If you choose to attempt debt settlement on your own, you can call your creditors and negotiate a settlement price. Keep in mind; you will have to be ready to give them a lump sum should they agree on a settlement amount. In most cases, the collector you are negotiating with is automatically given permission to reduce the amount you owe by as much as 75%.

Settling a debt with an auto title loan lender directly is going to be a bit different, though. First of all, the lender is not going to consider negotiating with you until you have defaulted on your loan. They will make every attempt to get you to pay before they are willing to take a lesser amount than what you owe. Loan amounts on auto title loans range from $1,000-$5,000 which means the lender is going to want to get their money back.

One of the biggest differences between settling on a credit card or medical bill versus a car title loan is that the lender holds the title to your vehicle and has the option to repossess the car, sell it at an auction, and recoup part or all of their money. This puts them in a good position to negotiate. They know you don’t want to give up your car and therefore will have more bargaining power. One benefit for you, the debtor, is that most title lenders don’t report to credit bureaus so in the case that you settle, it most likely won’t affect your credit score.

Whether or not your car has been repossessed and you want to attempt to negotiate a debt settlement with the auto title loan lender, start out by reviewing your loan documents to find out how much you owe. Next, find out how much your car is worth by looking it up online at Kelly Blue Book or another reputable automotive vehicle valuation company. If your car is worth less than you owe, the lender may be more open to negotiating a settlement since it is more profitable for them than trying to sell at an auction.

Decide on how much you can afford or are willing to pay should the lender accept your offer. Most lenders expect debtors to offer at least 20% at which time they can counter offer for more. Start low so you will have a better chance of settling for less. Once determined, send a letter to the lender with your account information, how much you owe, the current value of your vehicle and how much you are willing to pay. You will also want to explain why you can’t repay the full amount of the loan.

If at first the lender doesn’t accept your offer, be persistent. Keep negotiating until you and the lender reach an amount that you can afford. Get the settlement in writing and make sure you pay the negotiated amount! If you default on your settlement you most likely will not have another chance to make good on your loan!