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Textiles Applications in Automotive Industry

With the rising level of automobile production and its corresponding worldwide stocks based on the rapid industrialisation in Asia, Africa and Latin America plus the rising demand in Eastern Europe, the proportion of textiles in a motor car is increasing in response to more stringent comfort and safety needs in industrialised countries like the USA, Japan and Western Europe.

Automobile textiles, which are non apparel textiles, are widely used in vehicles like cars, trains, buses, aircraft and marine vehicles. Hence, the term automobile textile means all type of textile components e.g. fibers, filaments, yarns and the fabric used in automobiles.

Nearly two third of the automobile textiles are for interior trim, i.e. seat cover, carpets and roof and door liners. The rest is utilized to reinforce tyres, hoses, safety belts, air bags, etc.

It is projected that nearly 45 square meters of textile material is utilized in a car for interior trim (seating area, headlines, side panel, carpet and trunk). According to a survey, the percentage of textile in a motor car amounts to 2 per cent of the overall weight of a car. Apart from this, visible textile components, eliminating hidden components such as in tyres and composites, hoses and filters; amount to 10-11 kg per vehicle in absolute terms. Industrial textiles are largely utilized in vehicles and systems including cars, buses, trains, air crafts and marine vehicles. In automobile textile industry, four types of fabrics are used, namely:

. Air bag fabrics

. Fabric used as a basis for reduction in weight of body parts

. Tyre cord fabrics

. Automotive upholstery and other textile fabrics used inside the vehicle

The airbag and seat belts used as safety measures are one of the latest types of textiles in automobiles and have a potential market for technical textiles that has a considerable scope for growth and development. Because of government legislation and consumer interest, the applications have been extremely successful over the last ten to fifteen years.

In the last decade, airbags or inflatable restraints have received noteworthy significance as a safeguard for the driver and the passengers in case of an accident. Initially, the bags were made for head-on collision, but now, there are many other safety devices like side impact bags, knee bolsters, side curtain, etc, available for safety in any type of crash. Because frontal collisions are a main reason of accidental deaths, airbags are being presented as a standard product in vehicles by legislation, which has given the quick increment of airbags business in the last decade. NHTSA and HHS report that airbag systems have played an important role in saving thousands of lives since 1985. In 2002 alone, due to the airbag system a 20 per cent reduction in fatalities resulting from fatal collisions has been observed.

In 1999, there were 55 million vehicles with 81 million airbags. In 2004, the number of frontal airbag units was nearly 100 million and the number of side-impact airbags nearly 65 million. In the same year, nearly 23 per cent of the new vehicles in North America had side airbags for chest protection and 17 per cent had side airbags for head protection. By 2005, this has increased to 180 million airbags and 65 million vehicles.

Fabric application demand has increased to 325 million square meters in 2005, and 83 tons of fibre, mostly nylon has been used.

The world airbag market is estimated to rise from 66 million units in 1996 to over 200 million units in 2006, a compound annual growth rate of 12 per cent. Over this decade, Europe will put in 60 million units, Asia-Pacific 30 million units and North America 24 million units.

While North American and Western European markets are growing, considerable development is also seen in the international market. As new applications are developing for airbags, including rear seat bags, inflatable seat belts and an outside airbag system for pedestrians, new fabrics and combinations are being applied. The front and passenger bags have different requirements because of the distance from the occupant, but they both have rapid increment and deflation in a very short time span.

Rollover bags must remain inflated for five seconds. In addition to new uses, expected trends include lighter fabric for use with newer “cold inflators,” blended with materials like fabric and film, new coating polymers (Silicone now dominates having replaced neoprene).

Growth of safety devices in the car interior

Increasing electronics and safety devices require more space in the interior together with new concepts for arrangement.

Worldwide market for PA airbag yarns

The fibre manufacturer Accordis Industrial Fibres BV, Arnhem/ Netherlands reported that the global market for PA airbag was 84,000 tons in 2005.


Airbags were first introduced in the late 1960s, but it is only in the 1990s that their use increased amazingly and it is set to grow further. This validates the research and development still being made on design, deployment and base fabric material.

The prospects for the textile and making-up indus¬tries are huge in the area of airbag production. This is due to its large requirement particularly in view of the legislation, which is already imposed by many countries.

Around 1.42 meter2 of fabric is required to produce driver¬ side airbags on light trucks. This estimation gives the idea that the airbag market is of great importance for the use of technical textiles. Airbags are normally made by coated or uncoated fabrics of PA 6.6 yarns with lesser air permeability.

A fabric cushion is included as a part of textile ingredient for an airbag, which is folded into the center of the steering wheel (for the driver) or in the glove compartment (for the front seat passenger). Generally, the bag is woven by nylon 6, 6 filament yarns, which are in demand in huge quantities because of their high strength-to-weight ratio, favorable elongation, adequate thermal properties and relatively low cost of production. Other properties required are high tear strength, high anti-seam slippage, controlled air permeability and be capable for being folded into confined places for over ten years without deterioration.


A triggering device sets-off explosive chemicals when it senses an accident above 35 km/h is about to occur. These chemicals hold back and cushion the car occupant from collision with harder objects. The fabric from which the bag is made must be competent for withstanding the strength of the propellant chemicals. More over, the hot gases must not penetrate the fabric and burn the skin of the car occupant.

For airbags to perform their protective function, each function in the system must work with reliability and predictability. In frontal airbag initiation, the cushion begins to deploy within 20 ms after collision and is fully set up in 50 ms. Within this period of time, the bag has to spread through the plastic cover, blown up and fill the space between the dashboard and occupant.

Material applications

Airbags are generally made from high tenacity multifilament nylon 6, 6 in yarn quality fineness from 210, 420 to 840 denier, although some polyester and even some nylon 6 is utilized. As Nylon 6 is softer, it is used to lessen skin abrasion. Airbag fabric is not dyed, but has to be scoured to eliminate impure substances, which could encourage mildew or other problems. Airbags are created in compact size, plain woven fabrics.

The amount of fabric required to make an airbag depends on its location in the car and the market it serves. The fabrics utilized to produce a driver’s and a passenger’s airbag are quiet different. Most drivers’ side airbags are coated by using lower denier yarns that give strong and light-weight fabrics. The looser weave has been permitted by stronger nylon 6, 6 yarns that create fabrics with lighter weight, less stiffness and better packagabiIity.

The fabric which is used to produce passenger airbags is generally uncoated. These kinds of passenger bags are larger so they create lower gas pressures, have longer inflation times, and possess gas which is cooler. The constituent yarns are of relatively heavy denier. Normally, airbag fabrics are made by rapier weaving machines or air jet looms with electronic dobbies.

Airbag fabrics varieties

The earliest airbags were Neoprene coated and woven Nylon 6, 6, but later lighter and thinner silicone coated versions followed. Afterwards, though, uncoated fabrics have emerged. The majority of these fabrics are coated with an elastomeric material such as neoprene or silicone. The long lasting popularity of coated materials for airbags has been seen because of its capability to work as a heat shield and the comparative ease that design engineers can expect wider performance in their use.

Though, there are some intrinsic problems with coated airbags, which cover their large thickness, incapability to be folded into small spaces and inclination of decay over time. Coated fab¬rics are simple to cut and sew and the air porosity can be well managed.

The drawbacks linked with coated airbags and their subsequent substitution with uncoated materials has warranted significant developments from two sectors of the industry. The uncoated airbags can be recycled in a simple manner. The first development has come from the yarn and fabric producers, who have concurrently developed the performance of the fabrics. Their gas permeability has fallen under specific scrutiny since the way an uncoated fabric discharges gas and establishes the capability of an airbag to resist impact. The second development has gained from the inflator producers, who have started to substitute the original inflators, which release air, with devices that emit air like argon and helium. This is greatly helpful because these gases are equally as effective at lower temperatures and discharge less hot particles.

Finishing procedure of airbag fabrics

After weaving, the airbag fabric is scouring to reduce size. To gain accurate air permeability, the airbag fabric can be calendered. Apart from influencing the air permeability by weaving and finishing, accurate permeability control can be achieved by coating. When the airbag material has been finished, it is sewn together; the best practice is by using it with a laser.

Airbags are sewn with Nylon 6, 6, polyester, and Kevlar aramid yarns, the sewing patterns and densities being selected to maximize performance. When a bag is sewn it is folded inside its cover. Packing should permit for tethers connected to the bag to manage operation. Finally, a cover can be set up over the bag to safeguard it from abrasion.

Airbag sizes

Airbags are available in various sizes and configurations depending on the type of car and steering. Moreover, the driver’s side airbag is smaller than the front passengers by about 65 liters capacity upwards.


In airbag systems, there are mainly five suppliers of the airbag module itself, representing 32 per cent of the value of the airbag system. The key airbag control unit has four suppliers representing 24 per cent of the value, and the seat belt portion of the system has two suppliers with a 31 per cent contribution. Yet, the remaining part with only 13 per cent of the value of the airbag system has over 40 suppliers.

Two years back INVISTA, formerly DuPont Textiles & Interiors, had expanded nylon 6, 6 fiber production capacity, totaling 7.5 kilotons (kt.) at two facilities; one in Qing Dao, China, and the second in Gloucester, UK.

A wide range of highly specialized polyamide 6.6 airbag yarns, Enka Nylon, are made by Polymide High Performance at its Obernburg (Germany) and Scottsboro (Alabama/USA) plants.

Zapata Corporation in December, 2005 announced that it completed the sale of all of its 4,162,394 shares of Safety Components International, Inc. to private equity investor Wilbur L. Ross, Jr. for nearly $51.2 million. Zapata’s stake stands for nearly 77.3 per cent of Safety Components’ total outstanding common stock. Safety Components is an independent producer of air bags and the company’s fabrics are largely utilized for automobile safety air bags and in niche industrial and commercial applications. Safety Components headquartered in Greenville, South Carolina, has plants situated in North America, Europe, China and South Africa.

Takata is a manufacturer of automotive seatbelts. Takata started researching seatbelt technologies in 1952. After eight years of research and development Takata became the first safety company to offer seatbelts as standard equipment to the Japan market in 1960. In the early 1970’s, Takata worked with NHTSA to satisfy new high speed crash test requirements and supplied the first energy absorbing seat belt system to pass a 30 mph crash test. Irvin Automotive is another company within the Takata Corporation. Irvin makes armrests, cargo covers, molded consoles, seat covers and sun visors.

Narricot Industries, LP, located in Southampton, Pennsylvania, is a producer of woven narrow fabrics in North America. With manufacturing facilities in Boykins and South Hill, Virginia, Narricot is the number one supplier of seatbelt webbing to the North American automotive industry.

Autoliv is a manufacturer of airbag, seatbelts and other automotive safety devices. Autoliv has nearly 80 wholly or partially owned manufacturing facilities in 30 vehicle-producing countries. Autoliv and its joint ventures and licensees make over 80 million seat belt systems annually.

Toray Industries, Inc, that makes nylon 6, 6 fiber and textile for use in automobile air bags, plans to start manufacturing base fabric for automotive airbags at its Czech textile subsidiary in January 2006. The company plans to invest in the necessary equipment to its subsidiary Toray Textiles Central Europe. The production output is projected at 600,000 meters in 2006 and 4 million meters in 2010. At present, Toray makes the fabric in Japan, Thailand and China mainly for airbags used in Japanese cars.

Performance tests and standards

Many individual tests carried out with airbag yarns and fabrics is said to number over 50. The ASTM, the SAE and the Automotive Occupant Res¬traint Council (AORC) have established various standards that express appropriate tests for airbags.

Seat belts

The seat belt is an energy absorbing device that is designed to keep the load imposed on a victim’s body during a crash down to survivable limits. Basically, it is designed to offer non recoverable extension to decrease the deceleration forces that the body comes across in a crash. Non recoverable extension is significant to prevent the occupants from being restrained into their seats and sustaining whiplash injuries right away after a collision. To prevent more webbing from paying out after an accident, the automatic belt has a locking device known as inertia reel. An efficient seat belt will only permit its wearer to move forward a maximum of about 30 cm to avoid contact with any fixed parts of the car.

It is believed that the seat belts were invented concurrently in America as well as Sweden. The only difference was that the American belt was a strap to encircle the waist and the Swedish belt was a diagonal band made to defend the upper body. Now, a blend of the two designs is a most prevalent arrangement and is called the 3-point belt, which is secured by two fittings on the floor and a third on the sidewall or pillar. Racing drivers wear other patterns, particularly two shoulder straps and a lap belt. The earliest automotive seat belts were set up and were adjustable so that they could fit the wearer manually. The automatic belt superseded this pattern by providing the wearer more space to move.

Seat belts are available in multiple layers and are woven in narrow fabrics in twill or satin fabrication from high tenacity polyester yarns, generally 320 ends of 1100 dtex or 260 ends of 1670 dtex yarn. These structures permit highest yarn packing within a given area for highest strength and the trend is to utilize coarser yarns for good abrasion resistance. For ease they require to be softer and more flexible along the length, but rigidity is needed along the width to facilitate them to slide easily between buckles and retract smoothly into housings. Edges require being scuff resistant, but not disagreeably rigid and the fabric must be resistant to microorganisms. Nylon was utilized in some early seat belts, but due to of its higher UV degradation resistance; polyester is now widely used worldwide.

Performance standards

Normally, the performance standards require a seat belt to restrain a passenger weighing 90 kg involved in a collision at 50 km/h (about 30 mph) into a fixed object. Straight pull tensile strength should be at least 30 KN/50 mm. Other tests include accelerated ageing and in the made-up form, resistance to fastening and unfastening 10,000 times. The seat belt must be long lasting without any significant deterioration. In many cars, after ensuring the inclusion of the airbag, efforts have been made to link the function of the two devices (seat belt and airbag).


No doubt that the airbags help to save lives, but at times they can also be a source of serious injury. The search for a uniform smart airbag, which can perceive the size of the passenger or whether the seat is empty and react in that manner, is in progress. Such a ‘smart’ airbag will incorporate sensors to judge the weight, size and location of the car passengers and hence deploy more appropriately.

In addition, incorporated safety devices associated with the seat belt along with other safety items, particularly for child passengers, are under development. The trend towards uncoated fabrics is anticipated to continue and so is the improved trend towards more airbags per car and fuII-size bags. There is also a technical challenge of producing the bag by using more rational techniques and related specifications made by the automotive industry.

Source: http://ezinearticles.com/?Textiles-Applications-in-Automotive-Industry&id=368487

The Electric Car

A Brief History and What’s Next? 

The Beginning

At the end of the 19th century, any vehicle not pulled by a horse or mule was considered an alternative power vehicle, powered by steam, electricity or gasoline. But oil was discovered in Texas in 1901 and by 1920, gasoline fueled internal-combustion engine vehicles dominated the marketplace. Electricity and steam powered vehicles became distant also-rans. Oil was cheap, effective, readily available and easily transportable. It was also dirty, noisy and smelly but these characteristics were minor in comparison with its cost and availability.

Electric cars were introduced in the first half of the 19th century. At the end of the 20th century, electric vehicles held most world speed and distance records. They were cleaner, quieter, easier to operate and easier to maintain than steam or gasoline fueled cars but had a fatal weakness: battery technology limited the driving range of electric cars to between 40 and 50 miles before needing a 6 to 8 hour charge. Electric vehicles continued to be manufactured in the U.S. through 1939.

The ZEV Mandate

No electric cars were produced in the U.S. between 1939 and 1996. That changed when General Motors produced the EV1 in response to California’s 1991 zero emission vehicle mandate which required 2% of all new cars sold by major auto manufacturers in California in 1998 to meet ‘zero emission’ standards. The first EV1 autos used lead-acid batteries. Second generation GM EV1 cars had a range of 160 miles using nickel metal hydride batteries. A total of 4-5,000 electric vehicles were sold in the U.S. under the ZEV mandate.

In 2001 GM and Daimler Chrysler sued California for regulating fuel economy in violation of U.S. law, after which California relaxed the zero emission vehicle mandate. In late 2003, GM cancelled the EV1 program and other manufacturers soon followed suit. The film “Who Killed the Electric Car?” suggested that GM’s EV1 program was canceled once California relaxed its zero emission vehicle mandate because 1) production was no longer essential; 2) electric cars impacted the oil industry; and 3) sale of electric cars adversely affected GM’s replacement parts after-market. Virtually all EV1 cars, leased to the public, were recalled and destroyed by GM who estimated that they invested $1 billion in development of the EV-1. General Motors recently announced that the electric Chevy Volt (hybrid electric vehicle) will be available for sale in the U.S. in 2010.

Enter the 21st Century

According to the US Department of Energy, more than 60,000 electric cars are in use in the US with more than 15,000 operational in California. More than 800 vehicles (mainly Toyota RAV4 EVs), produced during California’s zero emission mandate have survived with several logging more than 110,000 miles, proving durability and maintainability.

What’s next?

Although there is no zero emission mandates in place, the marketplace has spoken. The combination of high gasoline prices, global warming and the absurdity of U.S. dependence on Middle Eastern sources of oil has inspired development and manufacture of electric vehicles.

o Five low-speed (neighborhood) model electric vehicles and six expressway capable electric vehicles are currently in production.

o In addition to Chrysler, Ford, GM, Toyota, Nissan, VW and Renault, a dozen or more new auto firms have introduced or plan to introduce electric cars by 2010.

o The industry is rapidly moving towards new battery technology. Tesla Motors and Miles Electric Vehicles amongst others are now using Lithium-ion battery technology.

Europe and Japan

Since the first oil embargo in 1973 Europe has shown a continuous interest in electric vehicles. Today, electric cars are being built across Europe from Norway to Italy. Not to be left out, Mitsubishi and Subaru announced that they would be manufacturing lithium ion-powered cars before 2010. Toyota and Honda and Nissan will also have production models available in the U.S.

Neighborhood Electric Vehicles

43 states and Washington D.C. allow operation of Neighborhood Electric Vehicles (NEVs) that can travel on streets which have a maximum 35 mph speed limit. Local jurisdictions have the right to ban their use or may require licensing and liability insurance. NEVs must have seatbelts, four wheels, windshield safety glass, windshield wipers, headlights, taillights, and turn signals but airbags aren’t required. NEVs cannot legally travel faster than 25 mph. They’re usually equipped with lead acid batteries offering a range of about 30 miles. Prices range from around $6000 to more than $14,000.

Freeway Electric Vehicles

Aside from Toyota RAV4 EVs, most electric vehicles operating in the U.S. in 2008 are NEVs. Freeway capable vehicles are expected to be readily available by 2010. In addition to Tesla, Chevy (Volt), Mitsubishi, Nissan, Honda (hydrogen fuel cell technology) and Toyota, we can look for electric vehicles from Think (Norway), Smart EV (Mercedes) and Zenn (Toronto).

Electric Vehicle Benefits

o Pure electric vehicles are true zero emissions vehicles. No greenhouse gases are emitted during vehicle operation.

o Gasoline is eliminated, replaced by grid sourced electricity generated from traditional and increasingly renewable sources. Many electric vehicles have factory installed or aftermarket solar panels installed on roofs.

o Fuel cost (electricity) per mile is 20-25% of gasoline or flex-fuel cost.

o 95% of the energy used to recharge EVs comes from domestic sources. Dependence on foreign oil is reduced.

o Very low vehicle operation and maintenance costs.

o Self energy generation through regenerative braking.

o Simple battery recharging through standard household 110V outlets and recharging stations.

o Electric vehicles are in production and available today at prices in a similar range to that of traditional gasoline and hybrid cars. A few models are also available in the luxury price range.


o 250-300 mileage range using Lithium-ion batteries

o Battery cost, weight, disposal

o Few commercial battery recharging stations

o At-home battery charging is not practical for apartment dwellers and those who cannot park near their home

Overcoming limitations

o EV mileage range will increase as battery technology improves.

o Battery footprint, cost and weight will be reduced through new technology.

o Battery recharging stations will spread as EV production increases

Implications and Consequences

o Physical vehicle characteristics and conveniences will change. Vehicles will take on non-traditional appearances

o Vehicle reliability and durability will increase

o Vehicle operating costs will decline as fuel costs, repair costs and replacement parts costs will all decline

o Reduced congestion due to smaller vehicle footprint

o More consumer choices

o Reduced dependence on fossil fuels, imported oil

Stan Gassman, BSC Sustainability Services, Copyright 2008-2009

Source: http://ezinearticles.com/?The-Electric-Car&id=2198968

The History of Scalar Energy on One Page

If you’ve ever been to a health and wellness expo, chances are you may have heard something about scalar energy (SE). It’s becoming popular among the alternative health community, but has actually been around for quite some time.

SE was originally discovered by James Clerk Maxwell in the mid 1850’s. Maxwell was a theoretical physicist and mathematician who was born in Scotland in 1831 and his discovery was a new form of energy now known as SE.

Once Maxwell had discovered the existence of this energy, Nikola Tesla — a Yugoslavian mathematical and mechanical engineer — then worked to prove and demonstrate its existence in 1856. Tesla referred to SE as standing energy or universal waves and he was able to collect it without the use of any cables and wires.

Albert Einstein also noted and made reference to Scalar Energy during his work in the 1920’s, but the question asks, how is it different?

Our everyday electro-magnetic waves have wave action and frequencies, which are easily measurable in the unit of Hertz.

SE on the other hand is a static, stationary energy that has no frequencies and cannot be measured in Hertz like electro-magnetic waves. It is a very special and unique type of energy and only now are we beginning to understand its importance and possibilities.

Although only discovered within the last 150 years, scalar energy has existed since the beginning of time.

SE is found within in the vacuum of empty space, ranging anywhere from the empty atmosphere in the earth, to the small spaces between your bodily cells. In nature, it can be found in desolate hills, rain forests and is generated by crashing ocean waves.

Perhaps the most promising benefit of SE is its healing properties. It has been known to reduce and can possibly eliminate many forms of disease, but since its discovery more 150 years ago, knowledge on SE has been held in secrecy by a select few who were able to understand its complexity.

Thankfully, we now have a better understanding and knowledge and SE is rising to the surface. The general population can easily learn about the properties of SE to harness and use the miraculous benefits to improve their own health and wellness.

Source: http://ezinearticles.com/?The-History-of-Scalar-Energy-on-One-Page&id=3866790

Is It A Motor Bike Or Car?

Imagine for a moment that your car drives smoothly, has two doors that open vertically, 180ยบ view from a Jetson's like cock pit. Oh, did I mention this car also gets 300 mile to the gallon?

Welcome to the Aptera Revolution

When I first read about the Aptera, I could not believe it was true. The idea is more than just innovative-its revolutionary. Most alternatively propelled vehicles and schemes revolve around incorporating alternative propulsion technology with existing auto designs. Aptera broke ranks with this conventional method and decided to rebuild "the car" from the ground up in order to increase the viability and efficiency of the alternative fuel being used. From this "recasting" of the die Aptera has completely redrawn how we as a society view the automobile. With the first set of cars ready to be bought in the next year, the only remaining question is if Aptera's revolution will be everyone's or end up being "the Aptera fad."

What's in an Aptera?

From first glance the Aptera Typ-1 seems something more fitting for a sci-fi movie than our generation, but that is precisely Aptera's point. We as a society need a new way to think if we are going to put together the type of alternatively propelled car everyone keeps talking about. The Aptera is a three wheeled in-house designed vehicle with original suspension systems and an efficiency design using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). On top of all of this, the Aptera's propulsion system is electricity powered with a range of 150 miles and in prototypes being released soon Aptera has introduced a hybrid propulsion system, giving the car a range of 600 miles.

Yet with all the hype over the Aptera's alternative fuel propulsion, the Aptera is so much more than just another stab at a "green car." The Aptera really is another world. It's entire interior is made of recycled material. It has a touch screen to regulate temperature, music, and other standard car functions. The interior is roomy and thanks to the solar paneling on the Aptera's roof (energizing the car's internal atmospheric computer system while the owner is outside), the interior's air is kept at a normal temperature. With it's smooth handling and power, revolutionary design, there is really nothing like the Aptera.

Is The World Ready?

The question many people are asking themselves is not whether the people at Aptera have something incredible, every knows that, rather the real question: Is the world ready for Aptera? With it's unconventional design and thought behind the entire vehicle, Aptera challenges the notion of the traditional sedan. Any owner of an Aptera must be ready to break societal stereotypes wrapped up in car ownership. The real debate for any potential Aptera buyer is whether the revolutionary and futuristic feel of the Aptera outweighs the break in conventionalism.

The Revolution Has Already Begun

Whether or not Aptera as a company is successful in the future is not the important part of Aptera's existence. The point has been made in future car circles and auto enthusiast discussions that the very existence and successful development of the Aptera Typ-1 has already opened the door and broken down the barrier of conventionalism. This maybe the greatest gift the Aptera company has given to the world of transportation.

Source: http://ezinearticles.com/?Is-It-A-Motor-Bike-Or-Car?&id=1005345

They Destroy Pioneers – Heal Yourself With Color

It seems to me that the way society functions is this way:

95% of society just goes along. Out of the 5% that is left of society come our great thinkers, healers, artists, musicians, creators etc.

Within the 95% a select group of individuals set themselves up as experts or authorities and they then compel the 95% to fall within that norm.

The AMA, religious leaders, bureaucrats, educational leaders, have all built rules for the 95%. And if you are one of the 95% and mind your own business, FOLLOW THE RULES and do not go scratching the surface of things as the "appear" to be, all is well.

But what of the 5% who have decided to become pioneers in their fields and to bring the world new ideas.

If you look back at some of the pioneers; you will see how this secret group of experts and authorities took it upon themselves to DESTROY both the pioneers and their teachings. In this way they were able to keep their own vested interests alive.

Here are just a few to whet your appetite, so that you can find others by yourself.

Paracelsus was a wonderful healer from Germany, almost 500 years ago. His methods did not include the scalpel or any type of chemical, drug poisons. Rather he treated the "whole" man, realizing that man is comprised of much more than a physical body. The doctors at the time were furious because of his amazing track record of healing, and as a result they lured him to a mountain top and pushed him off.

Delaware from England, was the inventor of the BLACK BOX radionics device, which was used at this time for a most successful, all natural form of pest control for crops, along with a great many other healing uses that would have benefited mankind. But he was battered from pillar to post by the Royal Medical Society and was in and out of court. They bankrupted him and destroyed his devices.

Nicole Tesla wanted to give the world access to a generator that would provide FREE energy! The powers that be, who were getting rich, selling regulated, controlled, high priced electricity and petroleum drove him out of Long Island. He went to Colorado. They sent agents out to blow up his lab. They were only interested in using this inventor, of one of the greatest minds of the century, for the military, with his invention of the "Death Ray!" And giving the world FREE energy was not on their agenda.

Darius Dinshah, the originator of Spectro-Chrome Therapy was another pioneer who fell under the axe of the authorities.

I have personally studied Dinshah's Color healing methods and I have one of his original Color projectors.

I have used his color filters and projector for over 20 years and have found it's curative, healing powers to be beyond words.

I would like to tell you a little about how the authorities crushed him and his pioneering ideas.

Dinshah P. Ghadia, was born in Bombay, India on November 28Th 1873. He made his first visit to the United States in 1896 at (23 years of age.) He met both Thomas Edison and Nicola Tesla.

During the Bubonic plague in India, the niece of one of the Theosophical Society friends was dying. Orthodox healing methods did not help. Dinshah turned to the then noted Color Healer of the time Dr. Ewin Babbitt and applied his methods. He saved her life using this form of healing! It was not until 23 years later that he devised his own healing system- Spectro- Chrome.

In 1911 he emigrated to the United States with his wife and two children. In 1918, he received a commission as a captain in the New York City Police reserve and joined the American Association of Progressive Medicine.

In 1920 he gave his first lecture on Spectro-Chrome therapy and established the Spectro-Chrome Institute in New York City.

In 1933 he wrote the Spectro-Chrome Therapy Encyclopedia.

In 1947, the FDA brought hit to trial in Camden, New Jersey. Coincidentally, a fire destroyed his institutes main building! Coincidence, I think not! He lost all his scientific equipment, models, library, and case history's, thus impeding his defense in court.

He was found guilty of being a medical quack. It resulted in a $ 20,000 fine and probation for 5 years. Dinshah had to surrender all his remaining books and equipment. The FDA burned the books and destroyed the color projectors with their sledge hammers. They even went into the homes of private citizens who had purchased color projector and destroyed them. The total value was over $ 250,000.

The moral of the story: Do not mess with the FDA or the AMA and try to heal people as a pioneer.

His Three sons are keeping up the work of their father, going as best they can with the FDA, AMA and IRS looking over their shoulders.

You can contact his sons for more information:

The Dinshah Health Society

PO Box 707

Malaga, NJ 08328


Learn all you can about color healing. It is here to stay.

Source: http://ezinearticles.com/?They-Destroy-Pioneers—Heal-Yourself-With-Color&id=872556

Magnetic Generator Blueprints

You can not deny the fact that there is a global warming crisis, and to address this issue people are turning into clean, renewable energy sources to power up their homes. The magnetic generator works as a free energy generator that makes use of a magnetic repulsion which results to a perpetual movement. In this case, the generator runs continuously and does not stop and can create a completely free energy power. The never ending action inside the generator refers to a device which works indefinitely, generating a huge amount of energy.

You can search the Magnetic Generator Blueprints in the internet to teach you exactly how to build your magnetic energy generator. It will also show you how to have complete control of how much power it can supply by adjusting the power output of the generator. You do not need to spend a big amount of money but you need to be patient, focus and innovative to be able to build your own magnetic generator.

The truth is, magnetic generators are very effective in powering up your home and they absolutely work. Data shows that many people are starting to make the switch from conventional energy sources to magnetic generators and all of them can attest to its efficacy. The good thing about using an alternative energy source is that it is affordable, you do not have to spend thousands or hundreds of dollars for this equipment. And this is also compact and small making it easy to store when not in use. The another advantage of using a magnetic energy generator is that it is not weather dependent; it does not depend on the sun or the wind to enable the device to work. By choosing this type of alternative source of energy you are saving thousands of dollars in your energy bill and you are creating a cleaner environment for the future generation to come.

Are you wondering why it is not available in the market?

In America, people spend almost 350 billion dollars annually on energy. Imagine losing this large amount of money if magnetic generator is available commercially. That is what the power and oil companies are afraid of. And these days these to giant companies are in a control of the economy; numerous efficient energy and free energy are owned by these two big companies to protect their businesses and keep the American citizens hooked to the system. But the good news is that many concerned human beings want to share their knowledge on how to own a magnetic generator; there are even magnetic generator blueprints which you can make use of. Do not be imprisoned by the thought of impossibility. It has been proven that a magnetic generator does work and many users can attest to their efficiency.

Source: http://ezinearticles.com/?Magnetic-Generator-Blueprints&id=4025783

Does Technology Information Instantly Incite Inner Stress? If Only Nikola Tesla Was Around Today!

Technophobia is the irrational fear of technology. There are individuals who swear they can’t understand technology or that they “dislike” it but it’s really about being afraid of technology. There are stress management strategies however that can help those who have this irrational fear, and no it doesn’t mean being locked in a closet with Bill Gates and a window called, Vista.

A technophobe will not admit that they are scared of handling a computer mouse, instead, this type of individual will probably dismiss the fear and announce something like: “I just am not the techie type”.

What makes it even more painful for the technophobe is that they are confronted with technology every day. People everywhere carry cell phones; lap top computers; Iphones and Ipods. Even kids are now expected to know how to download games into their PSPs. E-books are a trend and huge book encyclopedia collections that used to fill a whole bookshelf are OUT.

There are ways however to teach a technophobe NOT to freak out. Stress management techniques such as exposing the technophobe to the convenience of technology may work. For instance, if the technophobe loves music, start with giving them an Ipod loaded with their favorite songs. Baby steps do work to battle the stress suffered by one who goes into a nervy mode brought about by “too much technology”. Thus, do not expose the technophobe to heavy hands-on excel or word document materials right away. Instead, have them watch a soothing relaxing YOU TUBE video or maybe ask Steve Jobs to give them a back rub.

Talk to the technophobe with honesty and patience about their problem. Explain that life today means having to accept that there will always be technology. Use humor and logic – ask questions like: “Do you still believe that an hourglass is safer than a wrist watch?”. Remind the technophobe that they are no longer living in the medieval ages. Remember though, that there is a difference between humor and sarcasm, even though you show up for dinner at their house dressed as King Arthur or Maid Marianne.

Most of those afraid of technology will learn to fight their fears by rational thinking. Remind them that when the first man first discovered fire, he probably panicked wondering what it was. But later he learned that his fears were unfounded and that it was a service to his community (and later to the human race) to have discovered fire. Just as long as he wasn’t a pyromanic. Remember to keep your tone always light, sensible and humorous and soon the technophobe will learn to realize that their fears about technology are all baseless. And then you can address them as Mr. Edison.

Sure it may be difficult helping a technophobe at first. They are types who have a penchant for resisting change so expect them to initially resist all your arguments, however logical they may seem.

Humor and logic help the technophobe more than forcing them to hold a computer mouse. Stress reduction techniques like creative visualization are also effective. Tell your technophobe friend to close their eyes for a moment and imagine that all is alright with the world as they see themselves making millions in their new online business! And then quietly tip-toe out of their and spend a good two hours surfing all by yourself, because by this time all the stress that you got them to reduce is now all on you!

Source: http://ezinearticles.com/?Does-Technology-Information-Instantly-Incite-Inner-Stress?-If-Only-Nikola-Tesla-Was-Around-Today!&id=3194586

The Secrets to Working With an Auto Broker Vs Working With a Dealership!

What is an Auto Broker or Car Broker? An Auto Broker is the "middle man" between you and your brand new car, truck, or SUV! They are going to find you the car, make, and model you want, and at the lowest price possible.

The very first secret you should know about Car Brokers is the fact that they work for you! So many people think that they are just dealing with another salesman, but they are not in any way. You hire a Car Broker to find you the car, truck, or SUV you want, and at the lowest price possible.

Before you go out and find an Car Broker to deal with, another secret is that there are flat rate Auto Brokers, and then there are the Auto Brokers that charge you a percentage of your car cost plus negotiation fees. Watch out for those Car brokers, they are just looking to make more money from you. Look for the Car Brokers that just charge one flat rate, usually a few hundred dollars to save you thousands!

Another secret in this industry is dealing with the smaller company Auto Brokers. When dealing with the smaller companies, you are dealt with on a first name basis, they have the time to answer your questions, and they want nothing more than to develop a long relationship with you for future business. The bigger companies shrug you off because they already have plenty of customers, so they treat you however they want.

Saving time by going through an Car Broker is another thing that you should know about. How long does it take to get a car, truck, or SUV once you hire an Car Broker? With most Car Brokers it takes about 7-10, but the smaller Auto Broker companies can usually have your car, truck, or SUV for you in 2-3 days.

So in short, working with the right Auto Broker or Car Broker you will save Money, Time, and energy not having to haggle with a salesman!

Source: http://ezinearticles.com/?The-Secrets-to-Working-With-an-Auto-Broker-Vs-Working-With-a-Dealership!&id=1788148

Automobile Carputer

Long-time car owners know what an onerous thing it can be when you have to reach into the backseat to grab a map. Picking up a CD wallet and pulling out of a CD while driving is downright dangerous. But without music and directions many drivers feel that it would be a great challenge to arrive anywhere let alone to drive at all. This is where the carputer comes in.

The carputer is a sensible invention that has been growing in popularity with drivers everywhere. It is an LCD touch screen that allows users to enjoy a features such as a GPS direction system, personal mp3 music libraries, radio (AM, FM, XM and Sirius), voice recognition, and web browsing.

Why Buy One?

People who get a carputer installed in their vehicles have different reasons for doing so based on their individual tastes. This is why carputers come in raw parts: so people who wish to install one must build their own system. Some people simply want to merge their radio with a GPS system, so they know where they are going.

If this is your case, you can buy a portable GPS system without having to build the whole carputer yourself. If you are going to buy a new car, many come with a built in GPS system. These built in GPS systems tend to be larger and offer more features than the portable varieties. People who describe themselves as long-distance business commuters may find that building their own carputer with web browsing capabilities essential to their lifestyles.

Installation Tips

Got your best do-it-yourself attitude on and ready to install a carputer? First you must decide what kind of a carputer you want to build. First, you must select the right parts. When deciding what kind of touch screen, it is good to do a bit of research because there are so many options. One touch screen company offers a wide selection of 7” screens that come in a few different options.

If the kids want to play video games from the back seat, choose a screen they will be able to see clearly. In that case you should get the one with sunlight readability. There are also transflective (this is a fancy word for LCD) screens along with the less inexpensive simple models. People looking for the best deal find the average low-end screen costs around $180.

Miscellaneous Notes

Some people may worry that carputers are yet another new technology that will distract drivers. What they don’t know is that many people install carputers to ensure safer driving. Many people installing carputers attach a camera so they can use it to send the live footage to their screen as an added rear window.

This is an excellent solution for families with more than one person operating the vehicle. Re-adjusting the seat may be the most obvious thing for a driver entering their car, but it may be too late though before they realize that their mirror is on the wrong angle again.

Source: http://ezinearticles.com/?Automobile-Carputer&id=4084095

Build a Magnet Generator and Get Free Electricity For Life

We all like something for free, and when it comes to getting enough free electricity to power your home and supply all of your needs, then most people would be willing to sit up and take notice. Well, thanks to some amazing new innovations and the appliance of some science, its now very possible to generate your own free never ending stream of electricity by using a magnet generator.

In case you do not know what a magnet generator is, then let me explain. Simply put its a device that uses the power of magnets to drive a turbine that, in turn, produces a stream of clean and green electrical current. A magnet generator works by harnessing the attractive and repellent forces inherent in all magnets. Some clever guys from Australia managed to perfect a very simple but effective way to configure an array of normal household sized magnets so that they could provide free electricity.

What they did was arrange the magnets in such a way that these forces would turn a wheel. This wheel was then attached via a series of gears and shafts to a small domestic generator. Amazingly they found that the forces exerted by the magnets were great enough to power the turbine which was then able to generate electricity. What's more, this stream of free electricity would be generated for as long as the generator kept turning.

Since your average magnet has a life of around 400 years you can see why this development caused so much of a stir in alternative energy circles. In fact, they have proven that its possible to build your own domestic magnet generator for only a few hundred dollars and then hook it right into your domestic power supply. What's more, just one of these magnet generators is powerful enough to provide the average household with around 50% of its total power needs. The mathematicians among you will spot right away that by building just 2 of these cheap and compact devices you can supply enough free electricity to run your home indefinitely!

With no dangerous fuels, heavy machinery or noxious emissions they are extremely safe to run and can be left running quite easily in a basement, outhouse or even just in the cupboard under the stairs. The magnet generator is a relatively new invention but its one that is taking the world by storm. In fact it has been estimated that over 100,000 of these devices have been installed in homes around the glove in just the last 12 months alone. You can build your own one right now providing you have the right plans, a few simple tools and some spare time. The parts are cheap and readily available but the long term benefits, both financially and environmentally are immense.

Source: http://ezinearticles.com/?Build-a-Magnet-Generator-and-Get-Free-Electricity-For-Life&id=3780540